Pope Francis celebrates mass at the World Meeting of Families at Benjamin Franklin Parkway in Philadelphia on Sunday, September 27.
Cj Gunther/AP
Pope Francis celebrates mass at the World Meeting of Families at Benjamin Franklin Parkway in Philadelphia on Sunday, September 27.
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JOINT BASE ANDREWS, MD - SEPTEMBER 24: Pope Francis departs from Washington, DC en route to New York City on September 24, 2015 in Joint Base Andrews, Maryland.The Pope is on a six-day trip to the U.S., with stops in Washington, New York City and Philadelphia. (Photo by Patrick Smith/Getty Images)
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JOINT BASE ANDREWS, MD - SEPTEMBER 24: Pope Francis departs from Washington, DC en route to New York City on September 24, 2015 in Joint Base Andrews, Maryland.The Pope is on a six-day trip to the U.S., with stops in Washington, New York City and Philadelphia. (Photo by Patrick Smith/Getty Images)
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ADDS NAME OF GIRL - Pope Francis reaches to give a blessing to Sophie Cruz, 5, from suburban Los Angeles, during a parade in Washington, Wednesday, Sept. 23, 2015. She also delivered a bright yellow T-shirt and a letter expressing wishes that her mother and father and millions of others who are in the U.S. illegally are allowed to remain in the country. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon, Pool)
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Story highlights

Pope Francis spoke before Congress and the United Nations General Assembly

He stood up for the poor and Mother Earth, and lambasted greed

CNN —  

Pope Francis has returned to Rome, leaving the United States with “a heart full of gratitude and hope” after a hectic trip.

The Pope packed a lot of hugs, handshakes, blessings and political admonitions into a period of less than a week that took him to the halls of Washington power, the U.N. General Assembly and drew throngs of admirers to hear him celebrate Mass.

On the plane back to Rome, he gave reporters his first impression of Americans. The warmth he encountered in the United States surprised him, as well as the varying forms it took in the cities he visited.

“It was a beautiful thing and also different,” the Pope said through a translator of Italian. “Washington, the welcome was warm but more formal; New York was a bit exuberant; Philadelphia very demonstrative.”

The devoutness of Americans he encountered also touched him. “You could see the people pray, and this struck me a lot,” he said.

Washington

Francis started his visit with a greeting perhaps unprecedented for a foreign dignitary when he arrived from Cuba. President Barack Obama, Vice President Joe Biden and their families all went to meet him on the tarmac of Joint Base Andrews outside Washington.

Then Francis became the first Pope to address Congress.

“Legislative activity is always based on care for the people,” he told lawmakers in a speech that brought House Speaker John Boehner to tears. After his meeting with Francis, Boehner, who had talked of laying down the speaker’s gavel in coming months, quit his job posthaste.

While in Washington, Francis canonized someone for the first time on American soil, lifting Spanish missionary Junipero Serra into sainthood.

It delighted many Hispanic believers but irked many Native Americans who said that Serra and other missionaries of the 18th century belittled and killed many of their ancestors.

New York

In New York, Francis stopped by the 9/11 memorial and admonished the world to never forget those who suffered and died there, and at the U.N. General Assembly, he set a moral tone that put people and the planet over money.

Think of the poor, he told the world’s leaders and diplomats. They have “sacred rights” to labor, land and lodging, he said. And stop harming the Earth. In an opinion piece, U.N. General Secretary Ban Ki-moon pleaded with world leaders to listen to Francis on climate change.

And the love of money?

“In effect, a selfish and boundless thirst for power and material prosperity leads both to the misuse of available natural resources and to the exclusion of the weak and disadvantaged,” Francis said.

And he accused some powerful nations of abusing the United Nations to advance their own power agendas.

Philadelphia

In Philadelphia, the City of Brotherly Love, Francis stood in front of Independence Hall and praised America’s tradition of religious freedom and immigration. But he warned that injustice can tear down a society.

Wherever Francis goes, a crowd is sure to gather. In the United States, he filled New York City’s Madison Square Garden, and in Philadelphia, the throngs poured onto the city’s main boulevard, Benjamin Fran