Snag in Pentagon training of Syrian rebels to fight ISIS

Crisis in Syria
Now playing
Exclusive: Inside Syria's demilitarized zone
Vaciha Turki Al Omar, 30, has been in Idlib for seven months. She on the hill overlooking the sprawling refugee camp with her kids. "We can try to fight but the kids are our weakness so we must run away," she says.
Now playing
Major rebel stronghold in Syria under threat
Lead Martin Savidge on Florence live Jake Tapper_00022318.jpg
Now playing
Cat 3 Florence coming in like a 'Mike Tyson punch'
idlib syria frontlines pleitgen 2
Now playing
CNN travels to the front lines of Idlib
rebuild syria
Now playing
Syrians rebuild war-torn historic city of Homs
Now playing
White Helmets evacuated into Jordan by Israel
Now playing
Girl's new prosthetic legs replace tin cans
syria golan heights fleeing lee pkg_00002705.jpg
Now playing
Thousands flee toward closed borders
A day in the life of an artist-turned-barber Syrian refugee living in the Zaatari Refugee Camp in Jordan.
Now playing
A day in the life of a Syrian refugee
Now playing
CNN goes inside refugee camp after airstrikes
airstrike syria
Now playing
Video reportedly shows airstrike in Syria
US President Donald Trump addresses the nation on the situation in Syria April 13, 2018 at the White House in Washington, DC. Trump said strikes on Syria are under way.  / AFP PHOTO / Mandel NGAN        (Photo credit should read MANDEL NGAN/AFP/Getty Images)
Now playing
Trump's message to Iran and Russia
Now playing
Could the Syrian war lead to a US-Russia conflict?
This image released early Sunday, April 8, 2018 by the Syrian Civil Defense White Helmets, shows a child receiving oxygen through respirators following an alleged poison gas attack in the rebel-held town of Douma, near Damascus, Syria. Syrian rescuers and medics said the attack on Douma killed at least 40 people. The Syrian government denied the allegations, which could not be independently verified. The alleged attack in Douma occurred Saturday night amid a resumed offensive by Syrian government forces after the collapse of a truce. (Syrian Civil Defense White Helmets via AP)
Now playing
Syrian attacks escalate tensions among global powers
Now playing
Families bused out of chemical attack city
Washington CNN  — 

The U.S. military program to train so-called moderate Syrian rebels in Turkey and Jordan to fight ISIS has run into a number of difficulties that are slowing the effort down, Pentagon officials now openly acknowledge.

Of the 6,000 Syrians who have volunteered to be part of the program, less than 200 have begun training.

One of the factors causing the problems, according to Pentagon spokesman Col. Steven Warren, has been the “exfiltration” of qualified fighters from Syria – the very risky process of getting them out of Syria to the training sites. None of those at the training sites has yet completed the program.

READ: Carter, Dempsey paint bleak picture of Iraq situation

The Pentagon effort was aimed at bringing rebels fighters not associated with ISIS or Al Qaeda affiliates out of Syria and then training them in skills they could use to go back home and defend their areas against ISIS.

The hope was that this effort would train significantly larger numbers of fighters than a longstanding covert effort by the CIA to train rebels.

Of the 6,000 rebels who volunteered to be in the Defense Department program, some 4,000 are still waiting to be fully vetted by the U.S. Part of the process is getting assurances the fighters, once they’ve gone through training, will return to their towns and villages to fight ISIS rather than the Assad regime. Some 1,500 of the 6,000 have passed through the vetting process, while about 500 have been turned down for a variety of reasons.

The U.S. plan had been to train about 3,000 during the rest of 2015 and about 5,400 every 12 months after that.

“The Syria train-and-equip program is even more challenging than the Iraq train-and-equip program,” Defense Secretary Ashton Carter told the House Armed Services Committee Wednesday.

“We are trying to recruit and identify people that … can be counted on – that is, to fight, to have the right mindset and ideology,” Carter said, emphasizing fighters could not be aligned with groups like ISIS and must be willing to take actions to fight ISIS.

“It turns out to be very hard to identify people who meet both of those criteria,” he said.

The U.S. is also still struggling to decide what responsibility it will take for these fighters once they are sent back to their homes in Syria to fight ISIS.

“I believe we have some obligation to support them and protect them, including supply them,” Carter said, adding that he is aware that there are concerns that weapons provided during training could be “diverted.”

“These constraints that we put on ourselves, which are perfectly understandable, do progressively limit the number of inductees into the program,” he said. “And that’s proving (to be) the thing that limits the growth of the program. We have enough training sites and so forth for them. For now, we don’t have enough trainees to fill them.”

This comes at a time when the Assad regime may be under the greatest strain to maintain its power because of both ISIS’s ability to take territory and gains made by rebels groups.

READ: House votes to keep U.S. troops deployed against ISIS

At the same hearing, Gen. Martin Dempsey, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, revealed that that very subject came up in discussions during his recent trip to Israel to meet with top military officials there.

“That was the purpose of my trip to the region, actually, was to discuss with regional partners a scenario in which the regime would either collapse,” he said, or Assad “would depart for one reason or another.

Dempsey said that nations in the region believe the most likely near-term scenario is the Assad regime could go on the defensive “and limit its protection of the Alawite Shiite and some of the minority groups, leaving the rest of Syria essentially ungoverned, or governed in ways that … wouldn’t be positive for the region in the near term.”

U.S. defense officials told CNN that all of Syria’s bordering countries, including Israel, Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon are concerned that a precipitous collapse of the Assad regime could lead to a security and refugee crisis on their borders.

U.S. intelligence officials have noted for the last couple of months that Assad’s forces have appeared increasingly exhausted, units are undermanned and in some cases the regime may not be paying its bills to weapons suppliers in Russia.