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(CNN) —  

A procedural sneak attack by a pair of Republican senators has thrown a monkey wrench into the debate over the Iran bill as the two critics of a nuclear deal with Iran insist they get votes on their amendments to toughen the legislation.

Their effort has the potential to doom the bill altogether. Republican leaders scrambled in response to find a path forward to preserve it.

The move threatens a careful effort to protect the bill from what supporters consider “poison pill” amendments that would dramatically alter the bill and lead to a presidential veto. If that happened, Congress would be cut out of any role in approving the still emerging agreement with Iran.

RELATED: Senate defeats GOP amendments to keep Iran bill on track

“I have said time and time again, the Senate needs to vote on the merits of the agreement,” a frustrated Sen. Tom Cotton, R-Arkansas, said on the floor. “We have been consistently blocked from bringing up these amendments for votes.”

With that, the newly minted senator exploited a procedural loophole that could force votes on an amendment he is proposing, related to Iran’s nuclear facilities, and an amendment from Sen. Marco Rubio, R-Florida, to make a nuclear deal contingent on Iran recognizing Israel’s right to exist.

The senators are insisting the amendments be approved on a simple majority vote, instead of the 60 votes typically required on significant measures, meaning they will be that much easier to pass.

Adding to the dramatic nature of the unexpected floor procedure, Rubio, a 2016 presidential candidate, was the presiding officer in the Senate a