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America’s transgender moment

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Story highlights

NEW: Olympic hero Bruce Jenner appears on Vanity Fair cover as "Caitlyn"

Transgender people in the United States are riding an unprecedented wave of visibility

Shows such as "Transparent," "Orange is the New Black" have raised awareness

CNN —  

It’s only June, but 2015 may be remembered as the year the term “transgender” fully entered mainstream consciousness.

In January, President Obama condemned the persecution of “people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender,” becoming the first president to utter the word in a State of the Union address.

“Transparent,” about an aging father who begins living as a woman, won two top awards at the Golden Globes, while transgender actress Laverne Cox of “Orange is the New Black” – who made the cover of Time magazine last year – was just cast in a new CBS drama.

The May issue of Vogue has a photo spread with transgender model Andreja Pejic, who said on Instagram this week that she “was told by various people many times over that the chances of me ending up on these pages were slim to none.” A transgender character had a recurring storyline on the just-wrapped final season of “Glee,” while transgender activist and YouTube star Jazz Jennings will star in a reality show debuting on TLC this summer.

And then there’s Bruce Jenner, whose physical appearance has become more feminine in recent months as the Olympic hero turned reality TV star underwent a very public gender transition.

Jenner ended months of speculation in an interview that aired April 24 on “20/20” with Diane Sawyer.

“Are you a woman?” Sawyer asked.

“Yes,” Jenner replied.

Now comes the new issue of Vanity Fair, with Jenner on the cover in makeup and a skimpy dress, along with a new name: Caitlyn.

It’s more obvious than ever that transgender people, long relegated to society’s shadows, are finally stepping into the light.

“We are at a social inflection point on transgender issues,” says Riki Wilchins, a former transgender activist and author of three books on queer theory, who believes all the attention could have a positive impact. “Civil rights for minorities come in fits and starts. We’re on an upswing now.”

Opinion: Why we need to listen to Bruce Jenner’s story

Defining gender fluidity

Transgender is an umbrella term for people whose gender identity – their internal, personal sense of being a man or a woman – differs from what’s typically associated with their sex at birth. Some transgender people alter their bodies through hormones and or surgery, although many don’t.

A 2011 study estimated that 700,000 American adults, or roughly 0.3% of the population, identified themselves as transgender.

For decades, trans people, as many transgender people like to be called, rarely saw themselves represented in popular culture. But recent years have brought the “Dancing with the Stars” contestant Chaz Bono; filmmaker Lana Wachowski, formerly known as Larry Wachowski, a co-director of “The Matrix”; Jared Leto’s Oscar-winning role in “Dallas Buyers Club”; and of course, “Orange is the New Black,” whose cast is a mix of ethnicities and sexualities.

Now, between “Transparent” and other shows, recognition from Obama and tabloid headlines about Jenner, the national conversation around gender identity appears to have reached a new level.

All this makes transgender advocates cautiously optim