Roy Kaltschmidt/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory/Landov
The historical analogs of brilliant women —
Grace Murray Hopper, an American computer scientist and U.S. Navy Rear Admiral (right), created Common Business-Oriented Language (COBOL.) She also coined the term "debugging" in reference to fixing a computer.
Hopper paved the way for other females in computer science, including University of California at Berkeley Professor Katherine Yelick
. She is the co-author of two books and more than 100 technical papers on parallel languages, compilers, algorithms, libraries, architecture, and storage. She led the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center from 2008 to 2012 -- a high-performance computing facility that helps scientists run tests. One of the computers in the facility is named after Hopper.