China has now updated the practice for the digital age -- launching a smartphone app starring its current leader, President Xi Jinping, and featuring his latest speeches, statements and publications.
Designed by the Central Party School, which trains Chinese Communist Party leaders, the app aims to "arouse enthusiasm" for socialist ideologies.
"With the help of Internet technology, we hope that the theories of socialism with Chinese characteristics will be presented in a way that appeals to web users," Chen Jiancai, the managing editor of the school's official web site, said, according to Xinhua, China's state news agency.
The app features the latest news about Xi and allows users to access the traditional texts that Xi quotes from. It even has an interactive map that allows you to pinpoint exactly where he made the speeches.
It's unclear how many people have downloaded the app, which is available on Apple's App Store.
Willy Lam, a China politics scholar at the Chinese University of Hong Kong told CNN the app forms part of Xi's efforts to cultivate a very different image to his predecessors.
Xi is keen to be portrayed as a strong leader and as a man of the people -- he's been photographed eating dumplings and has appeared in three animated cartoons.
His down-to-earth behavior has drawn a huge number of fans, who address him as "Xi Dada"-- Big Uncle Xi -- but it's also aroused concern among some China analysts, who believe that Xi is using the state propaganda apparatus to build a cult of personality.
"This is the 21st century's Little Red Book," Lam says.
"He wants to be the supreme authority and build his prestige. The personality cult campaign will only grow."
The app drew mixed reviews online and on social media. One headline
on a technology news site read "How can you call yourself Chinese if you don't download it?"
Some said the app, called Xuexi Zhongguo, which translates to "study China," would be a handy study tool.
"Xuexi Zhongguo is an extremely useful app... for civil servants selection tests," says one Weibo user @afeixiaoxiaozhuai.
But others said they would boycott it.
"If they introduce an Android version, I'll get an iPhone. And if it's in Apple Store, I'll say I can only afford an Android phone. If they are available on both systems, I'll get a Nokia -- sorry, I can't afford a smartphone," said @Mujia.