Mother: Eleanor Darragh, computer programmer
Marriage: Heidi (Nelson) Cruz (2001-present)
Children: Caroline and Catherine
Education: Princeton University, B.A. in Public Policy, 1992; Harvard Law School, J.D., 1995
Religion: Southern Baptist
His father, Rafael Cruz, left Cuba as a teenager in 1957 amid the nation's revolution.
During the Cuban revolution
, Rafael Cruz sided with Fidel Castro
against dictator Fulgencio Batista, but later became a critic of Castro's.
While at Harvard Law School, was an editor of the Harvard Law Review and founder of the Harvard Latino Law Review.
First Hispanic US Senator from Texas.
Was a dual citizen of Canada and the United States until he renounced his Canadian citizenship in 2014.
1996-1997 - Clerks for Supreme Court Chief Justice William Rehnquist.
1997-1999 - Attorney with the DC-based law firm Cooper, Carvin & Rosenthal.
Domestic policy advisor during George W. Bush
's first presidential campaign.
2001 - Associate Deputy Attorney General at the Department of Justice.
2001-2003 - Director of the Office of Policy Planning, with the Federal Trade Commission.
2003-2008 - Solicitor General of Texas. He is the first Hispanic to hold the position. He is also the longest serving solicitor general in Texas' history.
2004-2009 - Adjunct law professor at the University of Texas School of Law.
2008-2012 - Attorney with Morgan, Lewis & Bockius in Houston, Texas.
May 29, 2012 -
Wins enough votes in the Texas GOP senatorial primary to force a runoff.
July 31, 2012 - Defeats Texas Lt. Gov. David Dewhurst in the runoff election for the Republican Senate nomination, by a vote of 57% to 43%.
November 6, 2012 - Elected US senator from Texas by defeating Democrat Paul Sadler, 56% to 41%.
November 14, 2012 - Named vice chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee.
January 3, 2013 - Sworn in as the 34th US senator from Texas.
September 24, 2013 -
Reads Dr. Seuss's "Green Eggs and Ham" as a bedtime story for his children during a 21-hour speech aimed at derailing President Barack Obama
's health care reform law.
June 2014 -
His spokeswoman confirms that Cruz has renounced his Canadian citizenship, and is no longer a dual citizen of Canada and the United States.
March 23, 2015 -
Cruz announces his candidacy for president in a 30-second video message posted on Twitter shortly after midnight. Later in the day he announces he is running for president during a speech at Liberty University in Lynchburg, Virginia.
April 27, 2016 -
Cruz formally names Carly Fiorina
as his vice presidential running mate
-- a last-ditch move to regain momentum after being mathematically eliminated from winning the GOP presidential nomination outright.
September 23, 2016 - Cruz endorses Donald Trump for the presidency
, surprising many after a contentious primary filled with nasty personal attacks and Cruz's dramatic snub of Trump at the Republican National Convention, where he pointedly refused to endorse the nominee.