Washington (CNN)Republican Sen. Dan Coats won't run for re-election in 2016, ending his political comeback while creating an opening for one by his long-time Indiana rival -- former Democratic Sen. Evan Bayh.
Indiana Sen. Dan Coats to retire at the end of his term
The two have swapped the Senate seat since 1989. Coats first retired from it in 1998, dodging what would've been a high-profile challenge from Bayh. Then Bayh retired in 2010, ducking Coats, who'd called his comeback bid unfinished business.
Now, as Bayh considers a return of his own -- he's still got $10 million in his campaign bank account from 2010 -- Coats will retire again, he announced Tuesday.
Coats, 71, said in a statement that he has "concluded that the time has come to pass this demanding job to the next generation of leaders."
"Until the end of my Senate term, I pledge to my constituents that I will continue to focus all of my time and energy on the major challenges that Hoosiers sent me to Washington to address," Coats said in a statement.
Coats' retirement was first reported by the Indiana politics blog, IndyPolitics.org.
For Bayh, the decision on 2016 could hinge on whether he's asked to run by the Clintons. He's a long-time ally of both Bill and Hillary Clinton, and likely wouldn't say no if they asked him to run or thought his candidacy could help Hillary Clinton's 2016 presidential hopes.
Among Republicans, the short list of successors starts with former Indiana GOP chairman Eric Holcomb, who was former Gov. Mitch Daniels' campaign manager and right-hand man. Holcomb is now Coats' in-state chief of staff, and could inherit a campaign apparatus built around the senator.
Also a key player is Indiana House Speaker Brian Bosma of Indianapolis, who's been a dominant political figure for years but hasn't yet found an opening to run for higher office, with Republican Gov. Mike Pence looking like he'll run for re-election in 2016.
The short list of Republicans also includes a cadre of members of Congress who have won their seats since 2010. Rep. Marlin Stutzman challenged Coats in the 2010 Republican primary, finishing a close second in a five-person field. Reps. Susan Brooks and Jackie Walorski are also considering runs. Rep. Todd Young, meanwhile, is hailed as a rising star -- though he could face pressure to remain in his Southern Indiana seat to stave off a Democratic challenge. And Rep. Todd Rokita has experience running statewide, as Indiana's former secretary of state -- but he's also seen as combustible and risky as a candidate for higher-profile office.
Mike Delph, a conservative hard-liner in the state Senate who's known for his ideological clashes with Republican leaders there, also said Tuesday that he's considering a campaign for Coats' seat.
"I know there are many 'big names,' both Democrat and Republican, that are in the mix," he said in an email. "But I have been an underdog before and have proven time and time again that I know how to win even against steep odds, all the while holding firm to my beliefs and value system."
On the Democratic side, if Bayh opts not to run, the top candidates are two former House members -- Rep. Brad Ellsworth, who lost the 2010 Senate race to Coats and has since worked as an executive for Vectren, an energy company, and Rep. Baron Hill, who's said he's considering running against Pence for governor, too.
Hill confirmed in a statement Tuesday that he's eyeing the Senate race.
"I have enjoyed my time in public service in the legislature and Congress, and have always been a fighter for Hoosiers," Hill said. "Now, more than ever, with wages stagnating and the tools we associate with upward mobility, like the cost of college, spiraling out of reach for too many families, ... Therefore, I will strongly consider a bid for the U.S. Senate, and will spend the next coming days in serious discussion with my wife and my daughters, and make a decision soon."
Coats said that he decided not to run for reelection even though he is "well-positioned to run a successful campaign" and said it was "not an easy decision."
Coats was elected to the Senate in 2010, returning to the legislative body 11 years after leaving the Senate. Coats was appointed to the Senate in 1989 when then-Sen. Dan Quayle became Vice President and was reelected to a full term in 1992.
Between his Senate terms, Coats served as U.S. ambassador to Germany.
President Barack Obama won the state in 2008, but what was previously known as a purple state in contention has been trending a deeper hue of red in recent years, with several major conservative leaders, including Gov. Mike Pence, coming out of the state.
Indiana's junior Sen. Joe Donnelly is a Democrat.