Sudan Fast Facts

Updated 8:09 AM EST, Sun January 31, 2021
(CNN) —  

Here’s a look at Sudan, a North African country bordering the Red Sea, Egypt, Libya, Chad, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea.

About Sudan

(from the CIA World Factbook)
Area: 1,861,484 sq km slightly less than one-fifth the size of the United States.

Population: 46,751,152 (July 2021 est.)

Median age: 18.3 years

Capital: Khartoum

Ethnic groups: unspecified Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata

Religion: Sunni Muslim, small Christian minority

Unemployment: 19.6% (2017 est.)

Other Facts

Sudan was the largest country in Africa prior to the secession of South Sudan in 2011. It is now the third largest, after Algeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Sudan lost most of its oil reserves, estimated to be between five and seven billion barrels, when South Sudan seceded.

The United Nations has called the Sudan/Darfur conflict one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world. Between 2003 and 2008, at least 300,000 people were killed, and three million displaced.

READ MORE: Climate change could render Sudan “uninhabitable.”

Timeline