Haiti Fast Facts

Haitians wash clothes in a stream in Port-au-Prince in January. The widespread user of rivers has been liked to the country's deadly cholera outbreak.

(CNN)Here's a look at Haiti, the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Haiti makes up the western one-third of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean. The eastern two-thirds of the island is the Dominican Republic.

About Haiti:
(from the CIA World Factbook)
Area: 27,750 sq km (slightly smaller than Maryland)
Population: 10,788,440 (July 2018 est.)
Median age: 23.3 years
    Capital: Port-au-Prince
    Ethnic Groups: Black 95%, mixed and white 5%
    Religion: Roman Catholic 54.7%, Protestant 28.5% (Baptist 15.4%, Pentecostal 7.9%, Adventist 3%, Methodist 1.5%, other .7%), voodoo 2.1%, other 4.6%, none 10.2%
    GDP (purchasing power parity): $19.97 billion (2017 est.)
    GDP per capita: $1,800 (2017 est.)
    Unemployment: 40.6% (2010 est.)
    Timeline:
    1492 - Christopher Columbus lands on the island and names it Hispaniola.
    1697 - Spain recognizes France's claim to the western third of the island.
    1791 - Slaves rebel against plantation owners. Toussaint L'Ouverture, a former slave, takes control and writes a constitution.
    January 1, 1804 - Haiti gains independence from France. Haiti is the second oldest independent nation in the Western Hemisphere after the United States.
    1804-1915 - Over 70 different dictators rule Haiti.
    1915 - US President Woodrow Wilson sends Marines to Haiti to restore order. The United States occupies Haiti until 1934.
    1946 - Army officers take control of Haiti's government.
    1949 - Army officers take control of the government again after rioting breaks out.
    1950 - Army officer Paul Magloire is elected president.
    1956 - Magloire resigns after rioting breaks out; the army takes control of the government again.
    1957 - Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, a doctor, is elected president.
    1964 - Duvalier declares himself president for life and rules as a dictator.
    1971 - Haiti amends their constitution to allow the president to choose his successor. Duvalier chooses his son, Jean-Claude, who is 19.
    April 1971 - After his father dies, Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier declares himself president for life. He uses a secret police force called "Tontons Macoutes" (bogeymen) to enforce his policies.
    1986 - Duvalier flees the country after a revolt. Lieutenant General Henri Namphy runs the country and tries, but fails to get rid of the Tontons Macoutes.
    March 1987 - Haiti adopts a new constitution that calls for presidential and national assembly elections by the people.
    November 29, 1987 - Elections are canceled after terrorist attacks on polling places. They are rescheduled for January 1988, and the people elect a civ