(from the CIA World Factbook
27,750 sq km (slightly smaller than Maryland)
Ethnic Groups: Black 95%, mixed and white 5%
Religion: Roman Catholic 54.7%, Protestant 28.5% (Baptist 15.4%, Pentecostal 7.9%, Adventist 3%, Methodist 1.5%, other .7%), voodoo 2.1%, other 4.6%, none 10.2%
GDP (purchasing power parity): $19.97 billion (2017 est.)
GDP per capita: $1,800 (2017 est.)
Unemployment: 40.6% (2010 est.)
Timeline:1492 - Christopher Columbus
lands on the island and names it Hispaniola.
1697 - Spain recognizes France's claim to the western third of the island.
1791 - Slaves rebel against plantation owners. Toussaint L'Ouverture, a former slave, takes control and writes a constitution.
January 1, 1804 - Haiti gains independence from France. Haiti is the second oldest independent nation in the Western Hemisphere after the United States.
1804-1915 - Over 70 different dictators rule Haiti.
1915 - US President Woodrow Wilson sends Marines to Haiti to restore order. The United States occupies Haiti until 1934.
1946 - Army officers take control of Haiti's government.
1949 - Army officers take control of the government again after rioting breaks out.
1950 - Army officer Paul Magloire is elected president.
1956 - Magloire resigns after rioting breaks out; the army takes control of the government again.
1957 - Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, a doctor, is elected president.
1964 - Duvalier declares himself president for life and rules as a dictator.
1971 - Haiti amends their constitution to allow the president to choose his successor. Duvalier chooses his son, Jean-Claude, who is 19.
April 1971 -
After his father dies, Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier
declares himself president for life. He uses a secret police force called "Tontons Macoutes" (bogeymen) to enforce his policies.
1986 - Duvalier flees the country after a revolt. Lieutenant General Henri Namphy runs the country and tries, but fails to get rid of the Tontons Macoutes.
March 1987 - Haiti adopts a new constitution that calls for presidential and national assembly elections by the people.
November 29, 1987 - Elections are canceled after terrorist attacks on polling places. They are rescheduled for January 1988, and the people elect a civ