Moammar Gadhafi Fast Facts

Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi addresses at the 64th General Assembly at United Nations Headquarters on September 23, 2009 in New York City. (Photo by Jeff Zelevansky/Getty Images)

(CNN)Here's a look at the life of the late Moammar Gadhafi, leader of Libya from 1969 to 2011.

Personal:
Birth date: June 7, 1942
Death date: October 20, 2011
Birth place: Sirte, Libya
    Father: Mohamed Abdulsalam Abuminiar, a Bedouin farmer
    Mother: Aisha Ben Niran
    Marriages: Safia Farkash (1970-October 20, 2011, his death); Fatiha al-Nuri (dates unavailable publicly)
    Children: with Safia Farkash: Saif al-Islam; Saadi; Aisha; Hannibal; Mutassim (d. October 20, 2011); Saif al-Arab (d. April 30, 2011); Khamis (d. August 28, 2011); Milad (adopted); Hanna (adopted, reportedly died in 1986); with Fatiha al-Nuri: Mohamed
    Education: University of Libya in Tripoli, 1963; Libyan military academy in Benghazi, 1965
    Other Facts:
    Nicknames included "brother leader" and "king of kings of Africa."
    Known for his wraparound sunglasses and military uniforms or tribal robes that played up his Bedouin roots.
    Timeline:
    September 1, 1969 - Leads a bloodless coup in Tripoli, Libya, overthrowing the government of King Idris and creates the Libyan Arab Republic.
    1969-1977 - Chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC).
    1969-2011 - Head of State and Colonel of the Libyan Armed Forces.
    1970-1972 - Prime Minister and Minister of Defense of Libya.
    1971 - Member of the President's Council in the Federation of Arab Republics. The Federation of Arab Republics was Gadhafi's attempt to merge Libya with Egypt and Syria.
    1975 - Publishes the first part of his three-volume meditation on politics and philosophy in the "Green Book," subtitled "The Solution of the Problem of Democracy." Volumes two and three are published in 1977 and 1981.
    1977 - Renames the Libyan Arab Republic to the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, where jamahiriya means a government ruled by the masses.
    1977 - The General People's Congress (GPC) replaces the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC), which has led the country since the 1969 coup.
    1977-1979 - Secretary-general of the General People's Congress.
    December 19, 2003 - Admits that Libya has been trying to develop a broad arsenal of unconventional weapons, and he promises to dismantle them and submit to international inspections.
    April 27, 2004 - Makes his first visit to Europe in almost 15 years, traveling to Brussels to meet with European Union President Romano Prodi. While there, he urges other countries to follow Libya's example in giving up their weapons of mass destruction and pledges to help fight terrorism and illegal immigration to Europe.
    May 15, 2006 - US President George W. Bush announces that the United States is restoring normal diplomatic relations with Libya for the first time in over a quarter century.
    September 5, 2008 - US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice meets with Gadhafi in Libya,