United Nations Security Council Fast Facts

UN Security Council members vote to adopt sanctions against North Korea in 2013.

(CNN)Here's a look at the United Nations Security Council, a 15-member body within the United Nations.

The Security Council has 15 members.
There are five permanent members: the United States, the Russian Federation, France, China and the United Kingdom.
    Ten temporary members are elected by the General Assembly for two-year terms.
    UN Security Council Voting:
    To be approved, a Council resolution must have nine "YES" votes out of 15 and no "NO" votes from any of the five permanent members.
    Each Council member has one vote.
    A "NO" vote from one of the five permanent members kills the resolution.
    There is no such thing as a "VETO" vote in formal UN rules, though a "NO" vote from a permanent member has the effect of vetoing a resolution.
    If a member "ABSTAINS" from voting, it does not count as either a "YES" or "NO" vote.
    Members raise their hands to vote, and sit at a horseshoe-shaped table.
    Each of the five Permanent Members has gone to war or invaded a country without Security Council approval.
    Security Council Vetoes:
    A list of resolutions presented to the Security Council, along with the permanent member negative votes, can be found here.
    UN Security Council Presidency:
    The presidency of the Council rotates monthly, going alphabetically among member states.
    January: Dominican Republic
    February: Equatorial Guinea
    March: France
    April: Germany
    May: Indonesia
    June: Kuwait
    July: Peru
    August: Poland
    September: Russian Federation
    October: South Africa
    November: United Kingdom
    December: United States
      UNSC Functions & Power:
      All Members of the United Nations agree to accept and execute the decisions of the Security Council:
      "to maintain international peace and security in accordance with the principles and purposes of the United Nations;"
      "to investigate any dispute or situation which might lead to international friction;"
      "to recommend methods of adjusting such disputes or the terms of settlement;"
      "to formulate plans for the establishment of a system to regulate armaments;"
      "to determine the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression and to recommend what action should be taken;"
      "to call on Members to apply economic sanctions and other measures not involving the use of force to prevent or stop aggression;"
      "to take military action against an aggressor;"
      "to recommend the admission of new Members;"
      "to exercise the trusteeship functions of the United Nations in 'strategic areas';"
      "to recommend to the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General and, together with the Assembly, to elect the Judges of the International Court of Justice."