Syria: Who wants what after chemical weapons horror

Story highlights

Fallout from the use of chemical weapons is being felt in world capitals

U.S. thinks Syria responsible but retaliation is a tricky balance

Russia doesn't trust U.S. intentions

Iran is supporting its strategically key regional ally

Is the use of chemicals a “red line”? Should the West intervene? Send us your views.

CNN  — 

The ripple effects of an alleged chemical attack in Syria are being felt across the globe. The rhetoric is ratcheting up with talk of punishing Syria, even though Syria denies using chemical weapons. Allies of President Bashar al-Assad accuse the rebel forces of carrying out the chemical strike.

Meanwhile rebel forces, who also deny responsibility for the strike, say 1,300 people died in the attacks on the outskirts of Damascus. CNN correspondents and experts explain the different positions of some key nations involved in preparing for – or warning against – international military attacks on Syria.

United States

As the guarantor of international order the United States has to do something after the large scale use of chemical weapons, and the United States believes the Assad regime was responsible for the attacks.

But it faces something of a quandary. Launching the kind of large-scale campaign necessary to topple Assad would be lengthy and whoever replaces Assad could be even worse for U.S. interests than Assad himself, given the fact that the most successful opposition groups on the ground are aligned with al Qaeda.

So, the military intervention has to be large enough to punish Assad but not so large as to actually overthrow him. For U.S. policymakers this is the least bad decision they likely feel they can make.

For the U.S., Syria is a problem from hell

China

It is a long-time ally of Syria and wants to keep its influence.

China says it is firmly opposed to the use of chemical weapons and supports the U.N. chemical weapons inspectors. It wants the inspectors to be able to do their job and has warned against prejudging the results.

Why Russia, Iran, China stay loyal to Assad

It also says it wants peace and suggests continuing with the second Geneva Conference on Syria, an initiative that is currently in doubt.

“A political solution is always the only realistic means to resolve the Syria issue,” Foreign Minister Wang Yi said.

Russia

It doesn’t want a repeat of Libya or Iraq.

Much has been said about Russia trying to protect the Syrian government because of its military and economic interests in the country but Russia’s key policy goal is blocking American efforts to shape the region.

Russia doesn’t believe revolutions, wars and regime change bring stability and democracy. It often points to the Arab Spring and the U.S.-led war in Iraq as evidence.