(from the CIA World Fact Book
1,001,450 sq km (about three times the size of New Mexico)
Ethnic Groups: Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (2006 census)
Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Christian
(mostly Coptic Orthodox, other Christians include Armenian Apostolic, Catholic, Maronite, Orthodox, and Anglican) 10%
GDP (purchasing power parity): $1.201 trillion (2017 est.)
GDP per capita: $12,700 (2017 est.)
Unemployment: 11.9% (2017 est.)
Other Facts:The Suez Canal
connects the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea through Egypt.
More than 90% of Egypt consists of desert.
3200 BC-332 BC - Ruled by a series of Egyptian dynasties.
332 BC-600s AD - Ruled by Greeks, Romans and Byzantines.
600s AD -
The Arabic language and Islamic religion
become dominant in Egypt.
1517 - Conquered by the Ottoman Turks.
1798-1801 - Briefly controlled by France.
1858 - La Compagnie Universelle du Canal Maritime de Suez (Universal Company of the Maritime Suez Canal) is formed to dig a canal and operate it for 99 years. The company is privately owned by French and Egyptian interests and would become totally Egyptian-owned after 99 years.
April 25, 1859 - Excavation on the Suez Canal begins.
November 17, 1869 - The Suez Canal opens for navigation.
1875 - The British government buys Egypt's interest in the Suez Canal company.
1882 - To protect its investment in the Suez Canal, Great Britain takes control of Egypt's government.
February 28, 1922 - Egypt achieves partial independence from its status as a protectorate of the United Kingdom. The country becomes a constitutional monarchy.
May 14, 1948 -
Israel declares statehood. The nations of Trans-Jordan, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon,
July 23-26, 1952 - In a coup led by General Gamal Abdel Nasser, military officers overthrow the monarchy, leading to a completely independent Egypt.
June 18, 1953 - Egypt declares itself a republic.
1954 - Nasser becomes the prime minister of Egypt.
1954 - Great Britain and Egypt sign a seven-year plan for British troop withdr