Columbus and a crew of 90 people set sail about 10 weeks earlier aboard their ships - Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria.
1892 - President Benjamin Harrison issues a proclamation establishing a celebration of Columbus Day on the 400th anniversary of Columbus' landing.
April 7, 1907 - Colorado becomes the first state to declare Columbus Day a legal holiday.
1920 - Columbus Day begins being celebrated annually.
October 12, 1937 - First federal observance of Columbus Day, under President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
1971 - Columbus Day becomes a legal federal holiday in the United States. Presidential Proclamation (PL90-363) states that the observance of Columbus Day is always on the second Monday in October.
Indigenous Peoples Day:
Many historians agree that Columbus was not the first person, nor the first European, to discover the Americas. Indigenous people had been living in the Americas for centuries before Columbus' arrival.
Multiple cities, such as Seattle, Los Angeles, Denver, Phoenix, San Francisco and also entire states, including Minnesota, Alaska, Vermont and Oregon
, have replaced Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day.
The movement attempts to bring awareness to Columbus' treatment of indigenous people
and to respect and celebrate indigenous culture.
International - Columbus Day & Columbus:
The Republic of Colombia in South America and the District of Columbia in the United States are named after Christopher Columbus.
Several towns, rivers, streets, and public buildings in the United States also bear his name.
Some Latin American countries celebrate October 12 as the Dia de la Raza (Day of the Race).