Birth date: June 23, 1948
Birth place: Pin Point, Georgia
Birth name: Clarence Thomas
Father: M.C. Thomas, a farm worker
Mother: Leola (Anderson) Thomas
Marriages: Virginia (Lamp) Thomas (May 30, 1987-present); Kathy (Ambush) Thomas (1971-1984, divorced)
Children: with Kathy (Ambush) Thomas: Jamal, 1973
Education: Holy Cross College, A.B., 1971; Yale Law School, J.D., 1974
Religion: Roman Catholic
Grew up in poverty in segregated Georgia.
Raised by his maternal grandparents as a devout Catholic, and was sent to an all-black Catholic school run by nuns.
Thomas was a beneficiary of Yale's affirmative-action policy, which offered opportunities to minority students.
Served on the US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit with Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
Thomas called his confirmation hearings "a high-tech lynching for uppity blacks who in any way deign to think for themselves."
Is considered a conservative justice, has often opposed affirmative action, and tends to vote with other conservative justices.
1974-1977 - Assistant Attorney General of Missouri.
1977-1979 - Attorney for Monsanto Corporation in St. Louis, Missouri.
1979-1981 - Legislative Assistant to Senator John C. Danforth.
1981-1982 - Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights in the Department of Education.
1982-1990 - Chairman of the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
1990-1991 - Judge for the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.
July 1, 1991 - Nominated to the Supreme Court by President George H. W. Bush to fill the seat of retiring Justice Thurgood Marshall.
July 10, 1991 - Jesse Jackson speaks out against Thomas's nomination, stating that Thomas has disrespected the leadership heritage of the NAACP.
July 31, 1991 - The NAACP releases a statement opposing Thomas's appointment to the Supreme Court, stating that "his judicial philosophy is simply inconsistent with the historical positions taken by the NAACP."
September 10, 1991 - Confirmation hearings before the Senate Judiciary Committee begin.
October 6, 1991 - Reports surface two days before the scheduled Senate vote on Thomas's confirmation that law professor Anita Hill has made allegations of sexual harassment against Thomas. The Senate vote is delayed for a week after Thomas asks for time to clear his name and to bolster support for his nomination.
October 11, 1991 - Hill testifies that Thomas sexually harassed her while she worked with him at the Education Department and Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Hill says Thomas frequently asked her out on dates and described his sexual interests to her. Thomas denies the allegations during his testimony.
October 15, 1991 - The US Senate confirms Clarence Thomas by the narrowest margin in the 20th century: 52 to 48.
October 23, 1991 - Sworn in as associate justice of the Supreme Court.
June 2003 -