Here’s a look at the life of civil rights activist and clergyman Jesse Jackson.
Birth date: October 8, 1941
Birth place: Greenville, South Carolina
Birth name: Jesse Louis Burns
Father: Noah Robinson, cotton grader
Mother: Helen (Burns) Jackson, hairdresser
Marriage: Jacqueline Lavinia (Brown) Jackson (December 31, 1962-present)
Children: with Karin Stanford: Ashley (May 1999); with Jacqueline: Jacqueline Jackson (September 2, 1975); Yusef (September 26, 1970); Jonathan (January 7, 1966); Jesse Jr. (March 11, 1965); Santita (July 16, 1963)
Education: North Carolina Agricultural & Technical State University, Greensboro, 1964, B.A. - Sociology; Chicago Theological Seminary, 2000, M.Div.
Ran for president twice but has never held elected office.
After high school graduation, Jackson received an offer from the Chicago White Sox and a football scholarship from the University of Illinois. He chose the football scholarship but later transferred to North Carolina A&T State University.
Jackson’s son Jesse Jr. is a former US congressman who represented Illinois’$2 2nd District.
1943 - Jackson’s mother marries Charles Henry Jackson. He formally adopts Jesse in 1957.
July 17, 1960 - Jackson begins his civil rights activism when he and seven others enter the “whites only” public library in Greenville County, South Carolina. They are subsequently arrested and jailed. A lawyer files suit on their behalf and two months later the library system abandons formal segregation of its downtown library.
1966 - Is chosen by King to head the Chicago branch of Operation Breadbasket, an organization that strives to improve the economic condition of black communities across the nation. A year later he is appointed national director of Operation Breadbasket.
1968 - Is ordained a Baptist minister.
December 1971 - Resigns from the SCLC and forms Operation PUSH (People United to Save Humanity) in Chicago.
1971-1986 - Executive director of operation for PUSH.
November 3, 1983 - Formally announces his candidacy for the 1984 Democratic presidential nomination.
April 17, 1986 - Founds the National Rainbow Coalition, a national social justice organization in Washington, DC.
October 10, 1987 - Formally announces his candidacy for the 1988 Presidential election.
1992-2000 - Hosts “Both Sides with Jesse Jackson” on CNN.
September 1996 - Operation Push and the Rainbow Coalition merge to form Rainbow/Operation Push.
May 1, 1999 - Successfully negotiates with Slobodan Milosevic for the release of three US soldiers who had been held in Yugoslavia for more than a month.
August 9, 2000 - Receives the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Bill Clinton.
January 18, 2001 - Publicly acknowledges he fathered a daughter out of wedlock in 1999 with Karin Stanford, the former head of Rainbow/PUSH’s Washington bureau.
July 9, 2008 - Apologizes for disparaging comments he made on July 6 about presidential candidate Barack Obama while on a break during an interview with Fox News. Jackson says he was unaware his microphone was still on.
September 2012 - Two Americans serving prison sentences for treason in Gambia are allowed to return to the United States after Jackson makes a face-to-face appeal to President Yahya Jammeh for their release.
October 2013 - Following public pleas from Jackson, Colombia’s FARC guerrillas release Kevin Scott Sutay, who had been captured by FARC guerrillas on June 20, while he was backpacking through Colombia.
August 19, 2014 - Writes an op-ed for USA Today, “There’s a ‘Ferguson’ Near You,” commenting on the shooting death of 18-year-old Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, by local police. Brown’s death sparked protests and a national debate surrounding controversial police encounters.
November 17, 2017 - Announces he has been diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease.
February 18, 2020 - Trump commutes Blagojevich’s sentence.
February 1, 2021 - The Rainbow PUSH Coalition releases a statement saying Jackson is recovering from surgery after being hospitalized for abdominal discomfort.