Birth date: June 28, 1938
Birth place: Monterey, California
Birth name: Leon Edward Panetta
Father: Carmelo Panetta, restaurant owner and farmer
Mother: Carmelina (Prochilo) Panetta, restaurant owner
Marriage: Sylvia Marie (Varni) Panetta (1962-present)
Children: Christopher, Carmelo and James
Education: University of Santa Clara, B.A., 1960; University of Santa Clara, J.D., 1963
Military service: US Army, 1964-1966, First Lieutenant
Religion: Roman Catholic
His parents were Italian immigrants who owned a walnut farm in the Carmel Valley of California.
Graduated magna cum laude in political science.
Received the Army Commendation Medal.
Was forced to resign as the head of the US Office for Civil Rights when he tried to speed up the pace of school desegregation, against the wishes of the administration of President Richard Nixon.
1966-1969 - Legislative aide to Republican Senator Thomas Kuchel of California.
1969 - Special assistant to the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare under President Nixon.
March 1969-February 1970 - Head of the US Office for Civil Rights.
1971 - Switches parties from Republican to Democrat.
1971 - Returns to California to practice law.
1976 - Elected to the House of Representatives, representing the area around Monterey, California. Is re-elected eight times.
1979-1989 - Serves on the House Committee on the Budget.
1989-1993 - Chairman of the House Committee on the Budget.
1991 - Votes against a resolution authorizing Operation Desert Storm.
January 21, 1993-October 1994 - Director of the Office of Management and Budget.
July 17, 1994-January 20, 1997 - Chief of staff to President Bill Clinton.
1997-2009 and 2013-present - Co-director, and then chairman of The Panetta Institute for Public Policy.
1997 - Appointed presidential professor at Santa Clara University, teaching a course called Studies in Public Policy.
1997-2003 - Serves on the Board of Directors of the New York Stock Exchange.
2000-2003 - Chairman of the Pew Oceans Commission.
2002 - Joins the National Review Board set up by the US Conference of Catholic Bishops in the wake of priest sex abuse scandals.
2004 - Co-chair of the California Council on Base Support and Retention, which was established after the Department of Defense announced it would be realigning and closing military bases across the country.
2005 - Serves as a member of the Migration Policy Institute's Independent Task Force on Immigration and America's Future addressing illegal immigration.
2006 - Member of the Iraq Study Group tasked with assessing the US effort in Iraq and making policy recommendations following their findings.
January 5, 2009 - Nominated by President-elect Barack Obama to be the new director of the CIA.
February 12, 2009 - Confirmed by the US Senate as the new director of the CIA.
February 13, 2009-June 30, 2011 - Director of the CIA.
April 28, 2011 - President Obama nominates Panetta to be the new secretary of defense to replace Robert Gates.
June 21, 2011 - Confirmed by the US Senate as the next secretary of defense.
July 1, 2011-February 26, 2013 - Twenty-third secretary of defense.
December 15, 2011 - Attends the handover ceremony in Baghdad, commemorating the end of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
January 24, 2013 - Announces the US military will end its longstanding policy of excluding women from combat and open front-line units to female service members.
October 7, 2014 - Publishes a memoir: "Worthy Fights: A Memoir of Leadership in War and Peace."