Syrian cluster bomb kills children
01:53 - Source: CNN

Story highlights

NEW: 168 dead across Syria, mostly in the Damascus area, an opposition group says

Turkey, NATO to begin reviewing possible sites for air defense missiles

State-run media report on military operations targeting "al Qaeda terrorists"

Witness says rockets fell close to a rebel command center

CNN  — 

“May God bring you pain, Bashar.”

The curse is from a woman as she stands over a young child, dressed in purple pants and a matching shirt. Cursing Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, she asks why the girl had to die – one of eight children killed by shelling Sunday on a playground in a Damascus suburb, according to opposition activists.

The woman’s cries are among a host of heartrending moments captured on video from Deir al-Assafir. Posted on YouTube, and quickly spreading via social media, it begins by showing the bodies of two seemingly dead little girls on the ground, then two more bodies in a car, then adults carrying even more limp children. A young girl on the pavement cries uncontrollably before being picked up.

The opposition Local Coordination Committees said cluster bombs from Syrian warplanes killed children while they were playing. Rami Abdulrahman of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, however, said it’s not known what happened – noting it is unclear if or, perhaps, why the children were targeted in an area containing al Qaeda insurgents and rebel fighters, or why they were outside after a morning of intense shelling.

Alexia Jade, a spokeswoman for the opposition-run Damascus Media Office, said residents in Deir al-Assafir believe the attack was committed by the government in retaliation for rebels taking over a nearby military airport.

Rami Abdulrahman of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, however, said it’s not known what happened.

Whatever the explanation, the images represent another sordid chapter in Syria’s bloody civil war.

Back on the ground in Syria, “fierce aerial shelling” bombarded areas in the northwestern part of the country Tuesday, dissidents said.

Rockets pummeled the Syrian city of Atma on Monday, not far from a key command center for the rebel Free Syrian Army, a witness said. Two rockets fell within several hundred meters of the command center, the witness said.

It’s unclear whether any rebels were injured, but the building did not appear to be damaged.

About 40,000 civilians have been killed since the first protests 20 months ago against President Bashar al-Assad’s government, according to the opposition Center for Documentation of Violations in Syria. And more than 380,000 Syrian refugees have fled to neighboring countries, creating humanitarian challenges abroad.

The Syrian government routinely refers to its battle against “terrorists,” the term it uses for rebel fighters and extremist elements in the country.

CNN cannot confirm claims by the government or the opposition because of government restrictions that prevent journalists from reporting freely within Syria.

Having begun with security forces cracking down on mostly nonviolent demonstrators, the conflict has evolved to feature more fighting between two main groups: the Syrian military and the rebel Syrian Free Army.

Rebel forces scored significant victories over the weekend, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

Overnight Saturday, its fighters stormed Marj al-Sultan airport, which is about 20 kilometers (12 miles) from Damascus, destroying two helicopters and a number of vehicles except for a tank that was driven off the airport. In Daraa province, meanwhile, rebels claimed to have taken over a base near the Jordanian border that once housed the Syrian army’s fourth battalion.

The violence has spilled over, too, into neighboring countries.

Turkey has turned against its former ally, asking its fellow NATO members last week for Patriot missiles to bolster its air defenses due to several deaths in its territory blamed on Syrian forces.

A delegation of Turkish and NATO officials was to begin a site survey Tuesday to determine where to deploy the batteries, the Turkish military said Monday.

“The deployment of the Air and Missile Defense System is a precaution for defensive purposes for possible air and missile threats from Syria, and is not for the establishment of a no fly zone or for offensive maneuvers,” according to the Turkish military statement.

The bloodshed has seeped into Lebanon as well, where there have been deadly clashes between pro- and anti-Syrian factions, and the assassination of a top intelligence official was tied to the Syrian conflict. And Israel’s army fired warning shots toward Syria earlier this month after a mortar shell hit one of its military posts.

Protests continue in Egypt

CNN’s Nick Paton Walsh, Ammar Cheikhomar, Samira Said, Raja Razek, Roba Alhenawi and Karen Smith contributed to this report.