Africa

Namibia in pictures

Updated 12:19 AM ET, Tue October 23, 2012
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Namibia gained independence in 1990, but still faces numerous challenges including unemployment around 50% and some of the highest income inequality in the world. AFP/Getty Images
Sam Nujoma became the first president of an independent Namibia. He was head of the South West Africa People's Organization (Swapo) that fought against the apartheid rule of South Africa for 22 years during the guerilla war of independence. AFP/Getty Images
Germany colonized the country in 1884 until after the First World War. In 2004 it offered a formal apology for the massacre of around 65,000 Herero tribes people who sustained a rebellion between 1904 and 1907 before they were forced into the desert where many perished. In 2011 skulls of Herero and Nama people were returned to Namibia after a ceremony in Berlin. AFP/Getty Images
The country is located between two deserts -- the Namib and the Karahari -- and has the least rainfall of any country in sub-Saharan Africa, just 370mm on average each year. David Gurien/Theresa Galus-Gurien
The rock art of Twyfelfontein is Namibia's only Unesco World Heritage site. The cave engravings are thought to be over 4,000 years old. courtesy namibia tourism board/buschkino@iway.na
Along the northwest of the country, the Skeleton Coast is one Namibia's most evocative regions. It gained its name from the number of ships that foundered in its treacherous waters. courtesy namibia tourism board