Female pioneers of the swinging sixties

Published 7:33 AM ET, Wed September 26, 2012
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Escorted by police, Diane Crump makes her way through the crowd at Hialeah Park Race Track in Florida on February 7, 1969. She became the first female jockey to compete in a professional race in the U.S. Courtesy Diane Crump
As a 19-years-old she also became the first woman to compete in the Kentucky Derby in 1970. "It was great for me as a rider, as a female and as a person," Crump said. Courtesy Diane Crump
It was the beginning of a career which would span three decades and include more than 300 wins. Courtesy Diane Crump
After marrying Crump, pictured in 1996, would continue juggling her racing career and family of two daughters until a horrific accident in 1992 left her virtually bed-bound for months. Courtesy Diane Crump
One of the decade's most iconic images was of U.S. sprinters Tommie Smith and John Carlos making their gloved Black Power salutes at the 1968 Mexico Olympics, to highlight the issue of segregation. Getty Images
Sri Lankan Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike became the world's first female head of government in 1960. The widow of previous prime minister, Solomon Bandaranaike, she was to serve three times over four decades. Getty Images
Russia's Valentina Tereshkova (second from right) became the first woman in space in 1963, orbiting earth 48 times over three days. Getty Images
American Jerrie Mock receives an award from President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964 after becoming the first female to fly solo around the world. Getty Images
British cyclist Beryl Burton beat all competitors, including men, in a 12-hour continuous cycle race in Otley, West Yorkshire, in 1967. Mother and daughter, pictured in 1963, later raced together in the 1972 world championships. Getty Images
Author Betty Friedan became an icon of the women's liberation movement after publishing The Feminine Mystique in 1963, one of the first books to analyze the role of women in American society and raise issues of emancipation. Getty Images