mubarak obit
CNN  — 

A chronological summary of significant events in Egypt’s upheaval, as compiled by the CNN Wire:


Hosni Mubarak, a graduate of the country’s National Military and Air Force academies, is appointed as the director of the Air Force Academy and chief of staff of the Egyptian Air Force.


Mubarak is promoted to chief of staff of the Egyptian Air Force.


Mubarak is promoted to commander in chief of the Air Force and Deputy Minister of War.

October 6, 1973

The Egyptian Air Force launches a daytime surprise attack on Israeli soldiers occupying the east bank of the Suez Canal. This begins the Yom Kippur War, which lasts for several weeks, making Mubarak a national hero.

April 15, 1975

Mubarak named vice president of Egypt under President Anwar Sadat.

October 13, 1981

Mubarak is elected president of Egypt following the assassination of Sadat. He is sworn in the next day.


Mubarak is reelected president.


Mubarak emerges as a leader in the U.S.-led coalition to liberate Kuwait from Iraqi occupation by committing 40,000 troops to the mission.


Mubarak is reelected president.

June 26, 1995

Survives an assassination attempt in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia by an al-Qaeda affiliated group.

September 6, 1999

Survives an assassination attempt in Port Said, Egypt.

September 26, 1999

Mubarak is reelected president.

February 26, 2005

Requests the Egyptian parliament amend the constitution to allow for multi-party elections. The amendment is approved.

September 9, 2005

Mubarak is officially declared the winner of his country’s first multiparty presidential election, nabbing a fifth, six-year term.

July 12, 2006

In an interview, Mubarak declares he will not create a position of vice president.

May 2010

Mubarak requests Egypt’s parliament extend emergency law in the country for two more years until May 31, 2012. The request is granted. The country is under the same martial law that has been in place since October 1981 when Sadat was assassinated.

January 2011

Rioting in Cairo and other cities over poverty, unemployment and repression in Egypt. Protestors call for Mubarak to step down. As many as 20,000 protesters spill into the streets of Cairo in an unprecedented display of anti-government rage inspired in part by the Tunisian revolt.

January 29, 2011

Mubarak addresses the nation and announces that he has asked for his government to resign. He appoints Omar Suleiman, his intelligence chief, as his vice president. Suleiman is Mubarak’s first vice president in 30 years of rule.

January 31, 2011

Mubarak swears in his new cabinet.

February 1, 2011

Mubarak announces he will step down in September when his term ends.

February 11, 2011

Egyptian Vice President Omar Suleiman makes a televised announcement telling the world that Mubarak has stepped down as president of Egypt.

April 12, 2011

According to an Egyptian military spokesman, Mubarak is admitted to Sharm el-Sheikh International Hospital. Egyptian state TV reports that Mubarak suffered a heart attack during questioning over possible corruption charges.

April 13, 2011

Egypt’s Justice Ministry announces that Mubarak and sons Gamal and Alaa have been detained by the authorities. The detention is part of the investigation of the deaths of protesters in Cairo.

May 24, 2011

The Egyptian general prosecutor’s office announces that Mubarak and sons Gamal and Alaa will face trial on charges of corruption and of killing protesters.

May 28, 2011

Mubarak and two other officials are found guilty of “causing damage to the national economy,” and fined more than $90 million for turning off the internet and cell phone service during the unrest that began in January.

August 3, 2011

Mubarak’s trial for corruption and the killing of more than 800 protesters begins. The proceedings are being held in the police academy where Mubarak is wheeled in on a gurney, wearing a white prison uniform. He pleads not guilty.

January 5, 2012

Prosecutors formally request a penalty of death by hanging for Mubarak in the event that he is found guilty.

August 15, 2011

Mubarak and his sons Gamal and Alaa return to court for the continuation of their trial. Judge Ahmed Refaat announces that he will bar television cameras from the courtroom.

September 5, 2011

Mubarak’s trial resumes. The judge is forced to halt proceedings several times due to confrontations between Mubarak’s lawyers and the prosecution. Outside the courtroom, clashes break out between police and families of those killed in the uprising.

October 30, 2011

Mubarak’s lawyer tells CNN that Mubarak’s trial has been put on hold for two months pending a decision on whether to replace the judge. Attorneys for victims have objected to the judge presiding over the case.

December 28, 2011

Mubarak’s trial resumes after an appeals court dismisses a motion to disqualify presiding judge Ahmed Refaat.

February 22, 2012

Mubarak chooses not to address the court on the final day of his trial.

June 2, 2012

Mubarak, 84, is sentenced to life in prison for his role in the killing of protesters. He is transferred to Tura prison to serve his sentence. He will be admitted to the prison hospital. His sentencing sparked angry protests from victims’ relatives who wanted to see a harsher punishment.

CNN’s Caitlin Stark contributed to this report.