Saudi Foreign Minister Prince Saud al-Faisal, center, is part of the effort to create a Gulf State union.

Story highlights

NEW: Leaders of the Gulf Cooperation Council arrive in Saudi Arabia

A union is needed to "counter the adventurism" of Iran, an official says

"Threats of all kinds" require such a union, the Saudi foreign minister says

Bahrain blames Iran for the anti-government protests

CNN  — 

The leaders of the Gulf Cooperation Council will hold a meeting Monday in Saudi Arabia to discuss transforming their six nations into a union, similar to the European Union.

The idea of the GCC nations to integrate into one entity – and replace what exists now as simply a cooperative – was first floated by Saudi Arabia in December. Monday’s meeting in Riyadh will lay out the timetable for it.

The GCC is comprised of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

“The threats of all kinds require the hard works of the GCC countries to shift from a current formula of cooperation to a union formula acceptable to the six countries,” Saudi Foreign Minister Saud al-Faisal said last month.

He didn’t specify what threats he was referring to. But some analysts have said the GCC move could be an effort to counter the growing influence of Shiite Iran.

The GCC was formed in 1981, soon after Iran instituted a Shiite theocracy and went to war with primarily Sunni Iraq.

Iran and Iraq have enjoyed closer ties in recent years, especially as Iraq’s Shia Muslim majority has solidified its power in the absence of former leader Saddam Hussein, a Sunni Muslim.

After U.S. forces pulled out of Iraq last year, Tehran has expanded military and security cooperation with Baghdad.

Also, GCC member Bahrain blames Iran for fueling the anti-government unrest that continues to roil the country. Tehran has denied involvement.

Bahrain is a predominantly Shiite country, ruled by a Sunni royal family.

Last year, at the height of the protests, Bahrain called it troops from member nations Saudi Arabia and the UAE and cracked down.

Iran is also engaged in a longtime border dispute with the UAE over three Persian Gulf islands; Abu Mousa, and the Greater and Lesser Tunbs.

The UAE says Iran has illegally occupied the islands. Iran views them as part of its territory.

“I think President (Mahmoud) Ahmadinejad, when he visited the Abu Mousa island a couple weeks ago, in a way he highlighted the need for the union to counter the adventurism of the Iranian government,” said GCC Assistant Secretary General Abdel Aziz Aluwaisheg.

In this climate, comes the GCC move to form a union.

“Such strategic vision would include common approaches to defense, security, political and economic long-term interests,” said GCC Assistant Secretary General Abdel Aziz Aluwaisheg in an opinion piece Sunday in the Saudi English-language daily, Arab News.

Already, Al Wefaq, Bahrain’s main Shiite opposition party, has demanded that the Bahraini government put the idea to a popular vote before it agrees.

“The people of the states of the European Union voted on the union decision before the union was announced. The people of the Gulf should also have their say,” he said.

Aluwaisheg disagrees.

“The GCC is much more popular among the people than the EU (is) among the people of Europe. It’s extremely popular,” he said. “No need to take a vote because it’s really a done deal. If anything, the GCC has always been criticized for being too slow.”