- Toxic tailpipe fumes increase rates of asthma and put children at risk, studies show
- New York drivers now have one minute to turn off engines if they're adjacent to a school
- City issues about 10 million parking tickets each year but a few thousand idling tickets
Passing laws is one thing; enforcing them is another.
Enter New York City's idling rule, meant to improve the city's air quality by prohibiting drivers from running their engines when they're not moving.
Toxic tailpipe fumes have been shown to increase rates of asthma and put children at risk of developmental delays, environmental studies show.
When cars and buses line up outside of schools, all those idling engines can worsen the quality of air both inside and outside the school, as children and parents come and go.
By putting air-quality monitors in backpacks on pregnant mothers in New York, researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health have shown that fetuses exposed to greater pollution in the womb are more likely to experience developmental delays as children.
For years, New York drivers have had three minutes to turn off idling engines, and in 2009 the city passed more stringent laws: Drivers now have one minute to turn off their engines if they're adjacent to a school.
But environmental advocates complain the laws do little to improve air quality because the legislation in place is only minimally enforced.
The city issues about 10 million parking tickets each year but only a few thousand idling tickets.
If the traffic enforcement agents were properly citing drivers who violated the rule, the number of idling tickets would be significantly higher, say advocates, because violation of the rule is so widespread.
A 2008 New York City Council oversight committee report said as much, too, stating: "Although idling restrictions have been in place in New York City since 1971, many drivers persist in idling their engines, leading to questions about the effectiveness of our idling law."
On display a year later, at a press conference announcing the tougher idling rules around schools, were environmental and health advocates on the one hand celebrating a legislative win, but on the other hand still concerned about a lack of enforcement follow-through.
"We are therefore urging you, Mayor Bloomberg, to direct NYPD's traffic enforcement agents to finally enforce the anti-idling laws," said Isabelle Silverman, an attorney for the Environmental Defense Fund, at the 2009 press conference with M