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Photo taken on April 12, 2012 shows a part of the Masinga hydro-electricity dam at Masinga, approximately 230 kilometres north of  Nairobi, that is part of a series of dams known as the seven-forks dams that are the country's main electricity generators. Only about 18% of Kenyan households have access to power, according to the United Nations Environment Programme, where peak demand for electricity has increased to 1,200MW and is forecasted to reach 15,000MW by 2030. Over-reliance on hydro-generated energy, that supplies 60% of the national requirement, has meant severe gluts in daily supply and expansion countrywide due to changes in climatic patterns that in recent years has seen the eastern Africa region suffer catastrophic droughts owing to numerous failed rains. An ambitious windfarm project on the shores of Lake Turkana in the semi-arid north, the biggest project of its kind in Africa, is expected to provide 300MW of low-cost power to the national grid - equivalent to about 20% of the current installed electricity-generating capacity - combined with the expansion of geothermal electricity generation in the Kenyan rift-valley, where there is now a near-term target of about 1,300MW along with the potential of solar energy in Kenya which has hardly been tapped yet, Kenya could become a zero-emission economy in the field of electricity generation over the coming years by some estimates, says the UNEP . AFP PHOTO/Tony KARUMBA        (Photo credit should read TONY KARUMBA/AFP/GettyImages)
Photo taken on April 12, 2012 shows a part of the Masinga hydro-electricity dam at Masinga, approximately 230 kilometres north of  Nairobi, that is part of a series of dams known as the seven-forks dams that are the country's main electricity generators. Only about 18% of Kenyan households have access to power, according to the United Nations Environment Programme, where peak demand for electricity has increased to 1,200MW and is forecasted to reach 15,000MW by 2030. Over-reliance on hydro-generated energy, that supplies 60% of the national requirement, has meant severe gluts in daily supply and expansion countrywide due to changes in climatic patterns that in recent years has seen the eastern Africa region suffer catastrophic droughts owing to numerous failed rains. An ambitious windfarm project on the shores of Lake Turkana in the semi-arid north, the biggest project of its kind in Africa, is expected to provide 300MW of low-cost power to the national grid - equivalent to about 20% of the current installed electricity-generating capacity - combined with the expansion of geothermal electricity generation in the Kenyan rift-valley, where there is now a near-term target of about 1,300MW along with the potential of solar energy in Kenya which has hardly been tapped yet, Kenya could become a zero-emission economy in the field of electricity generation over the coming years by some estimates, says the UNEP . AFP PHOTO/Tony KARUMBA        (Photo credit should read TONY KARUMBA/AFP/GettyImages)

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