Tibet closed to foreigners again but tourism booms

Katie Hunt, CNNUpdated 26th February 2016
(CNN) — China has closed Tibet to overseas travelers from Thursday until the end of March, three travel agents told CNN, but with or without foreigners, tourism to the isolated mountain region is booming.
The closure has been an annual occurrence since 2008 when the Tibetan capital Lhasa was rocked by riots linked to the anniversary of an uprising against Beijing rule.
Authorities have also stopped issuing travel permits to foreign travelers at short notice during periodic unrest.
But tour operators and hotels say this matters little to their business, with domestic Chinese tourists eager to see the region's yak-filled grasslands and snow-capped peaks.
And authorities are equally keen to woo travelers less likely to pass on reports of protests or violence.
Chen Jianliang, a student from Shenzhen in southern China, spent 28 days cycling to Lhasa from the neighboring province of Yunnan in 2012 and loved it.
"Most people are tired of the cityscape; they go to Tibet for its serenity," he said.
Other travel for spiritual reasons.
According to the Tibet Autonomous Region Tourism Development Committee, some 17.5 million tourists visited Tibet in the first nine months of 2015, 36% more than the same period last year.
It didn't break down the number of foreign and domestic tourists.
Chen Jianliang biked across Tibet in 2012.

'Holy grail'

All foreign tourists need specific permits to enter Tibet, said Chloe Xin, an employee of Tibet Vista, which usually schedules trips for 160 foreign clients a month.
She confirmed the five-week closure but said she wasn't clear why it was imposed.
She cited the cold weather and Tibetan new year, which falls in February and is when many drivers and tour guides take extended time off.
Another travel agency employee in the city of Chengdu who didn't want to give their name said it was for "political reasons."
Mei Zhang, the founder of travel agency Wild China, said the bans were initially disruptive but her company now routinely declines to take bookings for Tibet trips in March.
Most of her clients are from overseas but she says Tibet has become a "holy grail" for young Chinese travelers.
"It's the spirituality, the exotic culture and also the stunning landscape."
Tibetan Buddhist monks gather at Labrang Monastery in a Tibetan region of northwest China's Gansu province to celebrate Monlam, or "Great Prayer" rituals on March 5, 2015.

Who benefits?

Robbie Barnett, a Tibet scholar at Columbia University, says China has poured in huge sums of money to make the high-altitude region accessible for mass tourism.
"Many of the tourists travel in highly organized tour groups, which are several hundred strong and have no contact with any local person," he says.
"But others, usually from wealthier backgrounds, are interested in Tibetan Buddhism, and see it as filling a spiritual vacuum in their lives."
But he adds that Tibetans tend to benefit more from foreign tourists "since they want to be guided by Tibetans, want their money to go to Tibetans, and tend to prefer low-impact, sustainable forms of tourism."
"Chinese businesses appear to benefit most from mass tourism, which mainly involves Chinese tourists," he says.
China announced plans this week to build a ski resort in Tibet.

Wider trend

The travel situation in Tibet encapsulates a wider trend -- albeit for different reasons.
From Thai beaches to the Antarctic, Chinese travelers are discovering the globe in their tens of millions.
Outbound travel soared last year, with Chinese making 120 million trips overseas last year, 13 million or 12% more than in 2014.
But foreign tourist arrivals to China have been flat or falling for several years.
Some 8.2 million foreign tourists visited China in 2015, down 680,000 or 7.6% from 2014, according to government figures.
Travelers are put off by a variety of reasons, says Zhang including smog, escalating costs and China's reputation abroad.
"China is no longer a bargain destination and people ask me all the time about the air quality," says Zhang.
"For older clients in their seventies, they may completely abandon their dream of a China trip."
But smog is no problem in sparsely populated Tibet, another reason why it's become so popular with domestic tourists from China's polluted cities.
Chen relished the blue skies and clean air during his trek.
"The bike ride made me realize how much I could endure -- both physically and mentally," he says. "The experience has kept my mind open since."
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