Who are the Rohingya?

    • The Rohingya are a stateless Muslim minority in Myanmar's Rakhine State, thought to number about 1 million people.
    • Myanmar does not recognize them as citizens or one of the 135 recognized ethnic groups in the country.
    • Myanmar regards them as illegal immigrants, a view rooted in their heritage in East Bengal, now called Bangladesh.
    • Though many Rohingya have only known life in Myanmar, they are widely viewed as intruders from across the border.
    • According to Human Rights Watch, laws discriminate against the Rohingya, infringing on their freedom of movement, education and employment.
    • They are denied land and property rights and ownership, and the land on which they live can be taken away at any given time.

How a massacre unfolds 

After escaping from Tula Toli, Mumtaz spent 15 days bed- bound in a clinic, unable to speak or even sip a glass of water.

The perilous journey  

    A Rohingya Muslim man walks to shore carrying an elderly woman after they arrived on a boat from Myanmar to Bangladesh in Shah Porir Dwip, Bangladesh, Thursday, Sept. 14, 2017. Nearly three weeks into a mass exodus of Rohingya fleeing violence in Myanmar, thousands were still flooding across the border Thursday in search of help and safety in teeming refugee settlements in Bangladesh. Those who arrived Wednesday in wooden boats described ongoing violence in Myanmar, where smoke could be seen billowing from a burning village, suggesting more Rohingya homes had been set alight. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)
    A Rohingya Muslim man walks to shore carrying an elderly woman after they arrived on a boat from Myanmar to Bangladesh in Shah Porir Dwip, Bangladesh, Thursday, Sept. 14, 2017. Nearly three weeks into a mass exodus of Rohingya fleeing violence in Myanmar, thousands were still flooding across the border Thursday in search of help and safety in teeming refugee settlements in Bangladesh. Those who arrived Wednesday in wooden boats described ongoing violence in Myanmar, where smoke could be seen billowing from a burning village, suggesting more Rohingya homes had been set alight. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

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      A Rohingya Muslim man walks to shore carrying an elderly woman after they arrived on a boat from Myanmar to Bangladesh in Shah Porir Dwip, Bangladesh, Thursday, Sept. 14, 2017. Nearly three weeks into a mass exodus of Rohingya fleeing violence in Myanmar, thousands were still flooding across the border Thursday in search of help and safety in teeming refugee settlements in Bangladesh. Those who arrived Wednesday in wooden boats described ongoing violence in Myanmar, where smoke could be seen billowing from a burning village, suggesting more Rohingya homes had been set alight. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

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The rise of ARSA 

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    Inside the Rohingya resistance

    The Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) is fighting against the Myanmar military. The group was formerly known as Harakat al-Yaqeen, or "Faith Movement."

Will The Lady listen? 

    KOLKATA, INDIA - SEPTEMBER 4: Students of Film Studies, Jadavpur University enact a street play on genocide of Rohingya Muslim people of Myanmar during a protest rally in front of Myanmar Consulate office on September 4, 2017 in Kolkata, India. They also demanded the resignation of Noble Peace Laureate Myanmar's Foreign Minister Aung San Suu Kyi and brunt her effigy. (Photo by Samir Jana/Hindustan Times via Getty Images)
    KOLKATA, INDIA - SEPTEMBER 4: Students of Film Studies, Jadavpur University enact a street play on genocide of Rohingya Muslim people of Myanmar during a protest rally in front of Myanmar Consulate office on September 4, 2017 in Kolkata, India. They also demanded the resignation of Noble Peace Laureate Myanmar's Foreign Minister Aung San Suu Kyi and brunt her effigy. (Photo by Samir Jana/Hindustan Times via Getty Images)

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      KOLKATA, INDIA - SEPTEMBER 4: Students of Film Studies, Jadavpur University enact a street play on genocide of Rohingya Muslim people of Myanmar during a protest rally in front of Myanmar Consulate office on September 4, 2017 in Kolkata, India. They also demanded the resignation of Noble Peace Laureate Myanmar's Foreign Minister Aung San Suu Kyi and brunt her effigy. (Photo by Samir Jana/Hindustan Times via Getty Images)

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    Aung San Suu Kyi

    For years she was the epitome of the peaceful protester, a Nobel Peace Prize winner steadfast in her devotion to democracy in her homeland of Myanmar through non-violent means. Now, as the country's de-facto leader, she's accused of ignoring a human rights catastrophe.
  • Myanmar democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi tours the Nobel Peace center in Oslo on June 16, 2012. Suu Kyi on June 16 pledged to keep up her struggle for democracy as she finally delivered her Nobel Peace Prize speech, 21 years after winning the award while under house arrest.    AFP PHOTO / POOL /Cathal McNaughton        (Photo credit should read Cathal McNaughton/AFP/GettyImages)
    Myanmar democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi tours the Nobel Peace center in Oslo on June 16, 2012. Suu Kyi on June 16 pledged to keep up her struggle for democracy as she finally delivered her Nobel Peace Prize speech, 21 years after winning the award while under house arrest.    AFP PHOTO / POOL /Cathal McNaughton        (Photo credit should read Cathal McNaughton/AFP/GettyImages)

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      Myanmar democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi tours the Nobel Peace center in Oslo on June 16, 2012. Suu Kyi on June 16 pledged to keep up her struggle for democracy as she finally delivered her Nobel Peace Prize speech, 21 years after winning the award while under house arrest. AFP PHOTO / POOL /Cathal McNaughton (Photo credit should read Cathal McNaughton/AFP/GettyImages)

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    What you need to know about Myanmar's de facto leader.

How we got here 

There are more than 30000 rohingya taken the shelter in leda camp within last weeks. Most of new comer rohingya muslims claimed that, their houses has burned and relatives or family member was killed by myanmar militants which forced them to take shelter in Bangladesh. In the leda camp its easy to watch their mother land from the hills, few of rohingya spend plenty of times by staring to the border of myanmar beside of leda camp. On the 10 th september a large number of young rohingya found on the hill top behind the refugee camp; they were staring to their relatives' houses locates beside the border of the two countries,  few of them were calling the relatives from the hill to know their situation. (Photo by Masfiqur Sohan/NurPhoto via Getty Images)
    1057

    1057

    First unified Myanmar state established at Bagan.

    1430

    1430

    Last Rakhine kingdom founded, with its capital in Mrauk U. Situated on the border between Buddhist and Muslim Asia, the city became one of Asia's richest. In 1785 it came under Burmese control.

    1824-1948: British rule

    1824-1948: British rule

    The Muslim community in Rakhine expanded rapidly during colonial times, doubling from the 1880s to 1930s. Expanding rice cultivation required significant labor, largely filled by Muslim workers from neighboring Bengal.

    1941-1945: World War II

    1941-1945: World War II

    Rakhine State was on the front line between the Japanese troops and allied forces. Muslims were mostly pro-British, while Rakhine Buddhists initially supported the Japanese.

    1948

    1948

    Shortly after Myanmar's independence from British rule, a Muslim rebellion erupted in Rakhine, demanding equal rights and an autonomous area. The rebellion was eventually defeated.

    1962

    1962

    Military rule begins. Rights that Rohingya had enjoyed before the coup were eroded. In 1978 and 1991, heavy-handed government campaigns pushed more than 200,000 Muslims across the border into Bangladesh.

    1982

    1982

    New citizenship law passed identifying 135 national ethnic groups. The Rohingya aren't one of them, effectively rendering them stateless.

    2010

    November 13, 2010

    Opposition leader and Nobel peace prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi is released from house arrest.

    2012

    June 2012

    Religious violence leaves more than 200 dead and close to 150,000 homeless in Rakhine -- predominantly Rohingya. Violence flares again in October. Between 2012 and 2015, more than 112,000 Rohingya flee, largely by boat to Malaysia.

    2014

    2014

    Myanmar conducts first census in more than three decades but Rohingya are excluded.

    2015

    November 2015

    In the first democratic elections since end of military rule, Rohingya aren't allowed to participate as candidates, nor as voters. Suu Kyi's party wins and she becomes de-facto leader in a power-sharing agreement with the military.

    2016

    October 9, 2016

    About 300 Rohingya men attack border posts in Rakhine State, killing nine police officers, according to state media. The attacks spark an intense crackdown by the Myanmar military and trigger an exodus of 87,000 Rohingya to Bangladesh. Rohingya insurgent group, now known as Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA), claims responsibility for the border post attack.

    August 25, 2017

    August 25, 2017

    Myanmar's state media reports 12 security officers were killed by ARSA insurgents during a series of coordinated attacks targeting at least 20 police outposts and an army base in Rakhine State. Military responds with what they describe as "clearance operations," burning down villages and triggering a mass exodus of Rohingya to Bangladesh.

    September 2017

    September 19, 2017

    In a televised speech, Suu Kyi condemned any human rights violations but was widely criticized for failing to acknowledge the alleged atrocities by the military. Myanmar's military has repeatedly denied conducting atrocities, saying it is targeting terrorists.

    October 2017

    October 23, 2017

    More than 600,000 Rohingya refugees have arrived in Bangladesh after fleeing violence in Myanmar since August 25.