Edward O. Wilson
Review by Ron McGuire
When you were a kid, did you wander through the woods near your home, observing
all the flora and fauna, all the while reviewing their respective Linnaean
classifications? If so, you have the foundation for an understanding of
"Consilience". Published by Knopf, this latest work from two-time Pulitzer Prize
winner Edward O. Wilson is nothing short of an attempt to form a single, unified
theory designed to bind together all forms of intellectual pursuit.
Wilson draws heavily on the natural sciences and philosophy to support his
approach, reaching as far back as the golden age of Greece, drawing examples from work by the likes of Einstein and Freud. If you
understand the meaning of the title without reaching automatically for your
dictionary, you have a head start on the rest of us. In Wilson's own words,
consilience is "a jumping together of knowledge." Wilson borrows the word from
The Philosophy of the Inductive Sciences, written by William Whewell in 1840.
Whewell spoke of a linking together of "facts and fact based theory across
disciplines to create a common groundwork of explanation."
And that in a nutshell is what Wilson aims to establish in "Consilience". That all
knowledge and understanding is bound together by some as yet unknown common
theory. There is one grand scheme to explain and unite all that we know and can
know. The real problem here is that Wilson himself admits it can't be done. He
states unequivocally that consilience "cannot be proved with logic from first
principles or grounded in any definitive set of empirical tests." He states
further that "the strongest appeal of "Consilience" is in the prospect of
intellectual adventure." Which is an apt description of the book. It is nothing
less than an intellectual journey through time and space.
Theories dealing with everything from quantum mechanics to incest taboos are
brought together, dissected and compared, all in an effort to find some common
thread linking all of it together. Wilson draws on so many philosophers, from
such divergent periods and places as ancient Greece and Victorian Europe, that
at times one feels compelled to rush out and buy the thickest compendium of
western cultural knowledge available. "Consilience" is as much a lesson in the
history western philosophy as it is a treatise on ontological unification.
Reading the book, I was reminded of what it felt like to be hopelessly lost in
my philosophy 310 course in college. When he finally makes his point, it is
clear and straightforward. But along the way it's easy to get distracted by the
references to unfamiliar figures in history and their obscure (to the casual
If you are a scientist, a teacher, or a student of philosophy, you may find the
book engaging and enlightening. As for the rest of us - don't read it in bed
unless you're having trouble sleeping.
Ron McGuire is an online coordinator with CNN Interactive. He has worked as an entertainment writer and in radio.
© 1998 Cable News Network, Inc.
All Rights Reserved.
Terms under which this
service is provided to you.