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Saturday, August 22, 1998
Justice delayed is not justice denied.
Prosecutor Bob Hilfrich on former Ku Klux Klan wizard Sam Bowers, who was found guilty of murder in the firebomb killing of a civil rights activist 32 years ago
- French Foreign Minister Hubert Vedrine visits Iran for top-level meetings.
- On Sunday, August 23, the World Conference on Volunteerism is scheduled to begin in Edmonton, Alberta.
- On Monday, August, 24, a trial is scheduled to be held in Kansas City, Missouri, for a woman claiming a radio talk show host defamed her by reporting that former Sen. Bob Dole helped her get an abortion in the early 1970s.
- On Tuesday, August 25, a pretrial conference is scheduled in Cambridge, Massachusetts, for Stephen Fagan, the father charged with kidnapping his two daughters nearly 20 years ago.
- On Wednesday, August 26, French President Jacques Chirac is scheduled to make his annual policy speech.
- On Thursday, August 27, the Smithsonian is set to unveil Minerva, an intelligent mobile robot that will give tours at the National Museum of American History in Washington.
Need to brush up on your British history? Five hundred thirteen years ago today, King Richard III of England was defeated and killed in the Battle of Bosworth Field, the last major battle of the Wars of the Roses. For more, click here.
- Author Ray Bradbury ("Fahrenheit 451") is 78.
- Former astronaut Gerald Paul Carr is 66.
- Actress Valerie Harper ("The Mary Tyler Moore Show") is 57.
- Singer John Lee Hooker ("Boom, Boom") is 81.
- Coeditor and correspondent for "60 Minutes" Steve Kroft is 53.
- Baseball player Paul Molitor is 42.
- Retired army Gen. Norman H. Schwarzkopf is 64.
- Actress Cindy Williams ("Laverne & Shirley") is 50.
- Baseball Hall of Famer Carl Yastrzemski is 59.
- In 1138, the English defeated the Scots at Cowton Moor. Banners of various saints were carried into battle, which led to its being called the Battle of the Standard.
- In 1350, Philip VI of France died and was succeeded by John II. He was reigning monarch at the outbreak of the Hundred Years War.
- In 1485, Richard III of England was defeated and killed at The Battle of Bosworth Field, the last of the Wars of the Roses between the Houses of Lancaster and York.
- In 1567, the Duke of Alba, sent to reestablish Spanish authority in the Netherlands, instituted the Council of Troubles at the start of his tyrannical rule. It was nicknamed the "Council of Blood."
- In 1642, the Civil War in England began between the supporters of Charles I (Royalists or Cavaliers) and of Parliament (Roundheads).
- In 1788, the British settlement in Sierra Leone was founded. Britain said it was to provide a home in Africa for freed slaves and homeless Africans from England.
- In 1818, Warren Hastings, British administrator and first Gov.-Gen. of British India, died aged 85.
- In 1834, Samuel Pierpont Langley, U.S. astronomer and aviation pioneer, was born. He specialized in studying solar effects on the weather and in 1896 built the first successful heavier-than-air flying machine.
- In 1847, Sir John Forrest, Australian explorer and politician, born. He led pioneer expeditions into Australia's western interior and was premier of Western Australia 1890-1901.
- In 1851, the U.S. yacht America outraced the British yacht Aurora off Cowes, England, winning the silver trophy offered by the Royal Yacht Squadron of Great Britain, or America's Cup.
- In 1862, Claude Debussy, French composer known for such works as "Clair de lune" and "Prelude a l'apres midi d'un faune," was born.
- In 1864, the Geneva Convention for the protection of the wounded during times of active warfare was signed, leading to the formation of the Red Cross.
- In 1893, U.S. writer and satirist Dorothy Parker was born. On the subject of suicide she wrote: "Guns aren't lawful; Nooses give; Gas smells awful; You might as well live."
- In 1910, Korea was annexed by Japan after five years as a protectorate.
- In 1914, Austria-Hungary declared war on Belgium.
- In 1922, Irish politician and Sinn Fein leader Michael Collins was killed in an ambush. He was largely responsible for the 1921 Anglo-Irish treaty.
- In 1928, German composer Karlheinz Stockhausen born. From 1953, he was foremost in the development of electronic music.
- In 1930, the two halves of Sydney Harbour Bridge were joined together. It was eventually opened in March 1932.
- In 1941, Nazi troops reached the outskirts of Leningrad. They eventually surrounded the city on September 8 at the start of the siege which lasted until January 1944.
- In 1942, Michel Fokine, Russian dancer and choreographer, died at age 62. He introduced more expression into his work and was a great influence on 20th century classical ballet.
- In 1944, German officer Heinz Stahlschmidt blew up a bunker full of detonators, effectively preventing the destruction of Bordeaux by the retreating German army.
- In 1962, the U.S. ship Savannah, the world's first nuclear-powered ship, completed her maiden voyage from Yorktown, Virginia, to Savannah, Georgia.
- In 1968, Pope Paul VI arrived in Colombia on the first visit by a pontiff to Latin America.
- In 1971, Bolivian President General Juan Jose Torres Gonzalez was deposed in a coup by Colonel Hugo Banzer Suarez, who drew support from the right-wing Falange Socialista Boliviana and the army.
- In 1973, Henry Kissinger was named U.S. Secretary of State, replacing William Rogers.
- In 1978, President Jomo Kenyatta of Kenya died in his 80s. His exact date of birth was never firmly established.
- In 1978, in Nicaragua, Sandinista guerrillas took over the National Palace for three days, killing six and taking several hundred hostages.
- In 1985, 55 people were killed at Manchester airport when a British Airtours Boeing 737 burst into flames after the pilot aborted the takeoff.
- In 1994, Jordan, overwhelmed by a flood of refugees, closed its border to arrivals from Kuwait and Iraq.
- In 1995, Parliament elected Negaso Gidada as president of the newly-named Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.
- In 1996, the 61-nation Conference on Disarmament in Geneva ended in failure after India blocked an agreement on a Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
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