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  Daily Almanac
Today's Events | On Horizon | On This Day | Newslink | Notable | Almanac archive

Saturday, July 25, 1998

quote   I wasn't going to add my film to a long list of pictures that make World War II 'the glamorous war,' 'the romantic war.'

-- Steven Spielberg, director of "Saving Private Ryan"


today's events

  • U.S. President Bill Clinton is tentatively scheduled to attend the commissioning of aircraft carrier USS Harry S. Truman in Norfolk, Virginia.

on the horizon

  • On Sunday, July 26, annual induction ceremony into the Baseball Hall of Fame is scheduled in Cooperstown, New York.

  • Monday, July 27, is the two-year anniversary of a bomb exploding in Centennial Olympic Park during the 1996 Summer Games.

  • On Tuesday, July 28, a celebration marking the 70th anniversary of Gerber Baby food is scheduled in New York with Ann Turner Cook, the original Gerber Baby, attending.

  • On Wednesday, July 29, U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright is scheduled to visit Papua New Guinea to offer support as the South Pacific country tries to recover from a devastating a tidal wave.

  • On Thursday, July 30, the Romance Writers of America are scheduled to begin their national convention in Los Angeles.


In 1984, Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to walk in space. To learn more about the Soviet space program, click here.

  • It's Constitution Day in Puerto Rico.
  • Today is Republic Day in Tunisia.
  • Actress Estelle Getty ("The Golden Girls") is 75.
  • Rock musician Verdine White (Earth, Wind & Fire) is 47.
  • Model-actress Iman is 43.
  • Cartoonist Ray Billingsley ("Curtis") is 41.
  • Rock musician Thurston Moore (Sonic Youth) is 40.
  • Actress Illeana Douglas ("To Die For") is 33.
  • Country singer Marty Brown is 33.
  • Actor Matt LeBlanc ("Friends") is 31.
  • Actor Brad Renfro ("Sleepers") is 16.

on this day

  • In 1139, at the battle of Ourique, Alfonso Henriques defeated the Moors and became Alfonso I of Portugal.

  • In 1261, Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII recovered Constantinople and was crowned there. He thus deposed John IV, ending the Latin Empire.

  • In 1554, Queen Mary I of England married Philip II of Spain at Winchester.

  • In 1564, Maximilian II, king of Hungary and Bohemia, became Holy Roman Emperor on the death of Ferdinand I.

  • In 1666, the English fleet defeated the Dutch in the second naval battle of the Foreland.

  • In 1689, King Louis XIV of France declared war on Britain.

  • In 1725, the Duke of Brunswick issued a manifesto threatening to destroy Paris if the French royal family was harmed.

  • In 1712, the Protestant cantons led by Berne defeated the Catholic cantons at the Battle of Villmergen, ending the religious wars in Switzerland.

  • In 1797, British naval commander Horatio Nelson's right arm was shattered by grapeshot during an assault on Tenerife. The injured arm was amputated later.

  • In 1830, King Charles X of France issued five ordinances; for controlling press, dissolving Chambers and changing the electoral system.

  • In 1848, the Austrians defeated the forces of Charles Albert, King of Sardinia, at the Battle of Custozza, suppressing first efforts toward the unification of Italy.

  • In 1866, Ulysses S. Grant was appointed General of the U.S. Army, the first American officer to be so designated.

  • In 1898, in the Spanish-American War, Maj. Gen. Nelson Mile's U.S. forces occupied Puerto Rico.

  • In 1907, Japan received protectorate over Korea thus giving Japan control over its government.

  • In 1909, Louis Bleriot made the first crossing of the English Channel by air, flying his monoplane from Les Baraques, near Calais, to Dover.

  • In 1917, Margaretha Geertruida Zelle, the Dutch spy known as Mata Hari, was sentenced to death on charges of spying for Germany during World War I.

  • In 1920, French forces occupied Damascus; Greeks under King Alexander occupied Adrianople, Turkey.

  • In 1929, Pope Pius XI became the first pope to leave the Vatican since the fall of the Papal States in 1870.

  • In 1934, Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss was assassinated in Vienna by Nazis.

  • In 1943, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini was forced to resign after a meeting of his Grand Council. King Victor Emmanuel appointed Marshal Badoglio as prime minister.

  • In 1952, the European Coal and Steel Community came into force.

  • In 1957, Tunisia became a republic with Habib Bourguiba as president.

  • In 1959, the hovercraft made its first crossing of the English Channel from Dover to Calais.

  • In 1963, U.S., Soviet Union and Britain agreed on a treaty banning nuclear weapon tests in the atmosphere, in outer space and under water.

  • In 1978, the world's first test-tube baby, Louise Joy Brown, was born at Oldham General Hospital, Lancashire, England.

  • In 1982, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat signed a document in Beirut accepting U.N. resolutions on Israel's right to exist.

  • In 1983, the United States flew aid to President Hissene Habre of Chad to help fight Libyan-backed guerrillas.

  • In 1984, Soviet cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya became the first woman to walk in space.

  • In 1994, Israeli and Jordanian leaders signed a historic declaration in Washington ending the state of war between them.

  • In 1995, Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic and his military chief Ratko Mladic were charged with genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity by the U.N. War Crimes Tribunal.

  • In 1996, Burundi's Tutsi-dominated army seized power in a coup, outlawed political parties, closed the airport and land borders.

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