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Wednesday, June 24, 1998
It's like that game you play with the toy gophers that jump out of their holes. Whenever you hit one, another bounces up.
Daniel Venat of Regional Ranch Management, talking about Texas wildfires
- The annual NAACP Legislative Report Card will be released in Washington.
- U.S. President Clinton is expected to leave on a trip to China.
- On Thursday, June 25, Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat has
until today to present a new Cabinet or face a no-confidence motion
in the Palestinian Legislative Council.
- On Friday, June 26, the U.S. Court of Appeals is scheduled to hear oral
arguments on whether three Secret Service employees can be forced
to testify in Monica Lewinsky investigation.
- On Saturday, June 27, a U.N. panel is to meet in Montreal to begin
negotiating a treaty to phase out toxic man-made chemicals.
- On Sunday, June 28, the 12th annual World AIDS Conference begins in Geneva.
- On Monday, June 29, United Auto Workers hold their triennial
constitutional convention in Las Vegas.
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- Andorra, Canada, Estonia, Latvia and parts of Spain celebrate Saint John the Baptist Day.
- Venezuela marks the Battle of Carabobo.
- Today is Macau Day.
- Today is the 50th anniversary of the Berlin Airlift.
- Actress Nancy Allen is 48.
- Filmmaker Claude Chabrol ("The Cousins") is 68.
- Musician Mick Fleetwood is 56.
- Actress Michele Lee ("Knots Landing") is 56.
- Actor Peter Weller ("Naked Lunch") is 51.
- Former U.S. Secretary of Labor Robert Reich is 52.
- In 79, Vespasian, Roman emperor from 69-79 and founder of the Flavian dynasty, died.
- In 1314, Robert the Bruce of Scotland inflicted a crushing defeat on superior English forces under King Edward II at the battle of Bannockburn.
- In 1340, in the Hundred Years war, the British fleet destroyed the French at Sluys.
- In 1497, John Cabot, navigator and explorer, sighted Cape Breton Island and claimed North America for England.
- In 1509, Henry VIII was crowned king of England, the second monarch from the House of Tudor.
- In 1519, Lucrezia Borgia, Italian noblewoman and a member of the infamous Borgia family of the Italian Renaissance, died.
- In 1793, during the French Revolution, the Constitution of Year One of the Republic was approved.
- In 1812, Napoleon, leading his Grand Armee, began invasion of Russia.
- In 1821, Simon Bolivar led 8,000 South American patriots to victory against 4,000 Spanish Royalists at the Battle of Carabobo in Venezuela, virtually freeing Venezuela from Spanish control.
- In 1850, Horatio Herbert Kitchener, British conqueror of Sudan, was born. Appointed secretary of war, he undertook the organization of the British army for World War I.
- In 1859, Napoleon III defeated the Austrians at the Battle of Solferino in Lombardy. Henri Dunant, who organized relief for the thousands wounded there, later founded the Red Cross in 1864.
- In 1866, in the Seven Weeks War, the Austrians scored a notable victory over the Italians in the second Battle of Custoza.
- In 1895, world heavyweight boxing champion Jack Dempsey was born.
- In 1901, the first exhibition by the 19-year-old Pablo Picasso opened in Paris to critical acclaim.
- In 1904, U.S. bandleader Phil Harris was born; he also achieved stardom providing voices for Disney cartoons, notably "The Jungle Book."
- In 1908, Grover Cleveland, twice U.S. president (1885-89 and 1893-97), died.
- In 1911, Juan Fangio, Argentine motor racing driver, was born; he won the world motor racing championship five times.
- In 1916, the First Battle of the Somme began. It lasted five months and the death toll of more than 1 million resulted in an allied advance of 125 square miles.
- In 1940, France signed an armistice with Italy in World War II.
- In 1940, Japan formally asked Britain to close the Burma Road.
- In 1941, the Germans advanced into Russia and took Vilna, Brest-Litovsk and Kaunas.
- In 1947, an American pilot reported seeing strange objects in the sky looking like "saucers skipping across the water." The incident led to the first use of the term "flying saucers."
- In 1948, the Soviets began a blockade of Berlin, challenging the West's right of access to the city. An airlift that lasted 321 days resulted, bringing 2,250,000 people tons of supplies. Soviet leader Josef Stalin eventually backed down. The blockade ended on May 12, 1949.
- In 1963, as a step towards independence, Zanzibar achieved internal self-government.
- In 1967, a referendum in Zaire, in which women voted for the first time, approved a new constitution.
- In 1970, Alexander Dubcek, former leader of Czechoslovakia whose reforms led to the Soviet invasion in 1968, was dismissed from his post as ambassador to Turkey.
- In 1973, Eamon de Valera, the world's oldest statesman, resigned as president of Ireland at the age of 90.
- In 1975, a U.S. Eastern Airlines Boeing 727 crashed near Kennedy Airport, killing 113 people out of 124 aboard.
- In 1978, the president of the Yemen Arab Republic, Lt. Col. Ahmed Hussein al-Ghashni, was killed by a parcel bomb.
- In 1983, Yasser Arafat was ordered to leave Syria by President Assad.
- In 1987, in South Korea, Kim Dae-jung and 300 other dissidents were released after two weeks of unrest in the country.
- In 1989, Zhao Ziyang, who had expressed sympathy with pro-democracy students, was replaced by Jiang Zemin as general secretary of the Communist Party.
- In 1994, the European Union and Russia signed a landmark friendship accord in Corfu, Greece.
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