Thursday, April 16, 1998
Space shuttle Columbia is scheduled to launch on a nearly 17-day Neurolab mission.
On the horizon
On Friday, April 17, former police officer Walter Budzyn is to be sentenced for an involuntary manslaughter conviction in the November 1992 beating death of motorist Malice Green.
On Saturday, April 18, the National Football League draft begins.
On Sunday, April 19, the Third Big Stinkin' International Improv and Sketch Comedy Festival opens in Austin, Texas.
On Monday, April 20, the U.S. Senate returns from spring recess.
On Tuesday, April 21, the United States and North Korea begin the first of five joint operations to recover remains of U.S. servicemen lost during the Korean War.
On this day
In 1175, Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, abandoned the siege of Alessandria and signed the Treaty of Montebello with the Lombard League.
In 1746, the Duke of Cumberland's forces defeated the Jacobite Scots under Prince Charles Edward at the Battle of Culloden, near Inverness, Scotland. The Scots lost more than 1,000 men and most of the remaining prisoners were massacred.
In 1828, Francisco de Goya, Spanish painter, died. From 1824 until his death he lived in voluntary exile in France.
In 1850, Marie Tussaud, Swiss founder of the famous waxwork museum in London, died.
In 1856, the Declaration of Paris was signed. It recognized the principle of free ships and free goods and defined contraband and blockade.
In 1879, Bernadette Soubirous (St. Bernadette of Lourdes) died. Her visions of the Virgin Mary led to the foundation of the shrine of Lourdes in France.
In 1883, Paul Kruger became president of the South African Republic.
In 1889, Charlie Chaplin, film actor and director, was born; a native of Britain, he starred in "The Kid," "Gold Rush," "Modern Times" and "The Great Dictator," in which he spoke for the first time.
In 1912, U.S. pilot Harriet Quimby became the first woman to fly the English Channel.
In 1917, the second Battle of the Aisne River in northern France began when commander Robert Nivelle launched an offensive between Soisons and Reims; the offensive ended on May 9 with enormous casualties.
In 1922, the Soviet Union and Germany signed the Treaty of Rapallo under which Germany recognized the Soviet Union and diplomatic and trade relations were restored.
In 1940, Queen Margrethe II of Denmark was born; she became queen in 1972 and was the first woman in nearly 600 years to sit on Denmark's throne.
In 1941, German troops entered Sarajevo and the city's main synagogue was destroyed.
In 1945, troops of the U.S. 7th Army entered the German city of Nuremberg.
In 1947, a French freighter with a cargo of nitrates exploded at Texas City, Texas, killing more than 500 people.
In 1948, the Organization for European Economic Co-operation was set up in Paris.
In 1951, the British submarine Affray sank in the English Channel with the loss of 75 lives.
In 1953, the new British royal yacht Britannia was launched, just months before Queen Elizabeth's coronation.
In 1964, nine men received sentences of between 25 and 30 years for their part in Britain's 1963 Great Train Robbery.
In 1972, Apollo 16 was launched to make the fifth manned moon landing.
In 1978, nearly 180 people died when a tornado struck the eastern state of Orissa, India.
In 1982, Queen Elizabeth proclaimed Canada's new constitution, severing the last colonial links with Britain.
In 1988, Palestinian commando chief Khalil el-Wazir, also known as Abu Jihad, was assassinated in Tunis.
In 1990, South African black leader Nelson Mandela made an appearance at a huge pop concert held in his honor during a visit to Britain.
In 1991, Sir David Lean, British film director, died. His films included "The Bridge on The River Kwai," "Lawrence of Arabia" and "A Passage to India."
In 1992, Italian financier Carlo de Benedetti and 32 others were convicted of fraud in connection with the 1982 collapse of Banco Ambrosiano.
In 1994, Ralph Ellison, author of "Invisible Man," a searing novel about black life in America, died.
In 1995, the European Union and Canada ended a bitter dispute over fishing rights in the north Atlantic with a deal both sides said would protect threatened fish stocks.
In 1996, an Italian court found disgraced former Prime Minister Bettino Craxi guilty on further charges of corruption and sentenced him to eight years and three months in prison.
In 1996, Queen Elizabeth's second son, Prince Andrew, and his wife Sarah, popularly known as Fergie, announced they were to divorce after 10 years of marriage.
Go look in the mirror. Are you gap-toothed? If so, you're not alone. Lots of famous folk share the mark of distinction. Check out Gap-Toothed.com.
Denmark celebrates Queen Margrethe's Birthday.
Former basketball star Kareem Abdul-Jabbar is 51.
Singer and actress Edie Adams is 67.
Actress Ellen Barkin ("Diner") is 43.
Actor Lukas Haas ("Witness") is 22.
Actor Barry Nelson ("The Shining") is 75.
Actor Jay O. Sanders ("Crime Story") is 45.
Actor Peter Ustinov ("Spartacus") is 77.
Singer Bobby Vinton ("Mr. Lonely") is 63.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1998, J.P. Morgan