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Wednesday, April 1, 1998

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Holidays & more
  • Almanac archive
  • "This is not a good time to be a bad pitcher."

    -- Anaheim Angels pitcher Chuck Finley





    Today's events


  • U.S. President Clinton continues his tour of Africa.

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    On the horizon


  • On Thursday, April 2, the Rock 'n' Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland opens a new exhibit -- the "Ultimate Jukebox."

  • On Friday, April 3, People Against Racism is to hold its first annual conference on the elimination of what it deems racist mascots.

  • On Saturday, April 4, Memphis, Tennessee, holds all-day events commemorating the 30th anniversary of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s assassination.

  • On Sunday, April 5, most of the United States returns to daylight-saving time.

  • On Monday, April 6, the National Association of Broadcasters meets in Las Vegas.

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    On this day


  • In 1204, Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of France and of England, died; she led troops in the Second Crusade.

  • In 1621, the first colonial treaty with American Indians was signed between Massasoit, chief of the Wampanoags and English pilgrims on behalf of King James I at Strawberry Hill, Massachusetts.

  • In 1697, Abbe Prevost, French writer and journalist, was born; he was best known for his "Manon Lescaut," which was turned into operas by Jules Massenet and Giacomo Puccini.

  • In 1789, the U.S. House of Representatives was able to transact business when a quorum of its members was present for the first time.

  • In 1815, Prince Otto von Bismarck, German statesman, was born. Appointed first German chancellor of a unified Germany in 1871, he presided over the Congress of Berlin (1878) and was known as the "Iron Chancellor."

  • In 1865, in the U.S. Civil War, the battle of Five Forks ended with the defeat of the Confederate Army.

  • In 1873, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian composer and virtuoso pianist, was born. Best known for his preludes and his music for piano and orchestra, including "Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini."

  • In 1875, the Times of London became the first newspaper to print a daily weather chart.

  • In 1883, Lon Chaney, U.S. dramatic actor and film star, was born; known as the "Man of a Thousand Faces" for his effective makeup while playing characters in the films of "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" and "Phantom of the Opera."

  • In 1885, Wallace Beery, U.S. film star and character actor, was born. Famed for his roles in "Grand Hotel" and "Dinner at Eight," he won an Oscar for his portrayal of a boxer in the film "The Champ."

  • In 1917, Scott Joplin, U.S. jazz musician famous for his ragtime pieces, notably "The Entertainer," died.

  • In 1918, in Britain, the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Force merged to form the Royal Air Force.

  • In 1924, a court sentenced Adolf Hitler to five years in jail for high treason after his abortive 1923 putsch; he was released December 20.

  • In 1933, in Germany, the state ordered a boycott of businesses belonging to Jewish people and seized their bank accounts.

  • In 1945, an assault by 50,000 U.S. troops led by Gen. Buckner on the Japanese-held island of Okinawa heralded the beginning of the last major battle of the Pacific. It ended on July 2 with 7,000 U.S. and 100,000 Japanese dead.

  • In 1947, King George II of Greece died; he was king from 1922-1924 and restored twice to the throne. He was succeeded by his brother, Paul I.

  • In 1948, the blockade of Berlin started when the Russians began checking all road and rail traffic between Berlin and the Western Zones.

  • In 1950, Italy assumed trusteeship of Somaliland, taking over from the British administration.

  • In 1960, Tiros I, the world's first meteorological satellite which transmitted cloud cover pictures, was launched from the United States.

  • In 1962, in a referendum the Swiss people rejected a proposed amendment to the Constitution prohibiting manufacture of atomic weapons on Swiss territory.

  • In 1965, King Hussein of Jordan appointed his younger brother Prince Hassan as his heir.

  • In 1975, Cambodian President Lon Nol, leader of the U.S.-backed government, fled to Indonesia as Khmer Rouge guerrillas closed in on the capital, Phnom Penh.

  • In 1976, Max Ernst, German painter and sculptor and founder of the Dada group, died. He was also involved in the Surrealist movement and invented the frottage technique (pencil rubbings on canvas).

  • In 1981, heavy fighting broke out in Beirut and Zahle between an Arab peace-keeping force and Lebanese right-wing militia.

  • In 1984, U.S. singer Marvin Gaye was shot dead by his father during a violent argument.