Tueday, March 3, 1998
The Nobel Peace Prize Committee meets to discuss the nominations -- this year a record 130 -- for the 1998 prize.
On the horizon
On Wednesday, March 4, there is a tentatively scheduled House floor vote on admitting Puerto Rico as the 51st U.S. state.
On Thursday, March 5, the VII Paralympic Winter Games open in Nagano, Japan.
On Friday, March 6, the Massachusetts State Supreme Judicial Court hears appeal in case of Louise Woodward, the 19-year-old au pair accused of killing a baby in her care.
On Saturday, March 7, the start of the annual sled dog race begins in Anchorage, Alaska.
On Sunday, March 8, the annual Screen Actors Guild awards will be presented in Los Angeles.
On this day
In 1703, Robert Hooke, English scientist, died. A contributor to astronomy, chemistry and biology, he also discovered the law of elasticity, known as Hooke's law.
In 1707, Aurangzeb, Mughal emperor of India, died. Emperor from 1659, he alienated the Hindus thus undermining the empire.
In 1791, in the United States, the first Internal Revenue Act was passed by Congress. It established one revenue district per state and placed a tax on drink.
In 1792, Robert Adam, Scottish architect and interior designer, died. One of the greatest neoclassical architects, he was much influenced by a visit to Rome.
In 1804, Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo, Italian painter and engraver, died.
In 1815, following piracy in the Mediterranean, the United States declared war on the Bey of Algiers. After the American threat to bomb Algiers, hostilities ended swiftly in August 1815.
In 1845, Florida became the 27th state of the Union.
In 1845, for the first time, the U.S. Senate overrode a presidential veto; the bill in question dealt with revenue cutters and steamers.
In 1847, Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, was born in Scotland.
In 1861, serfdom was abolished in Russia.
In 1875, the first performance of French composer George Bizet's opera "Carmen" took place at the Opera Comique, Paris.
In 1878, the peace treaty at San Stefano was signed, ending the Russo-Turkish War and gaining independence for Serbia.
In 1879, Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood became the first woman lawyer to be admitted to appear before the Supreme Court of the United States.
In 1886, the Treaty of Bucharest was signed, bringing peace between Bulgaria and Serbia.
In 1911, Jean Harlow, American film actress, born; she was nicknamed the "Platinum Blonde" after appearing in a film of the same name.
In 1918, Germany and its allies signed the treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Russia, ending hostilities between them in World War I.
In 1924, Mustafa Kemal continued his reforms to modernize Turkey, abolishing the Caliphate and expelling the Caliph and his family from the country.
In 1931, the "Star-Spangled Banner," originally the "Defense of Fort McHenry," was adopted as the American national anthem.
In 1943, in World War II, 178 people were killed in an accident at an air raid shelter in London's Bethnal Green.
In 1959, Lou Costello (Louis Francis Cristillo), U.S. actor, comedian and partner of Bud Abbott, died.
In 1963, a new constitution was approved in Senegal under which the president took over the powers of the prime minister.
In 1965, Seretse Khama became the first premier of Bechuanaland.
In 1969, the three-man Apollo 9 spacecraft was launched from Cape Kennedy; the main aim of its 10-day flight was to test the lunar module in Earth's orbit.
In 1976, Mozambique closed its border with Rhodesia and put its country on a war footing after cross-border raids by Rhodesia on rebel bases.
In 1988, in Britain, the Social Democrats and Liberals launched their new joint political party -- the Social and Liberal Democrats.
In 1991, large majorities in Latvia and Estonia voted for independence from the Soviet Union.
In 1991, Sao Tome and Principe elected former dissident Miguel Trovoada as president.
In 1996, Spain's conservative Popular Party claimed victory in general elections to end 13 years of Socialist rule under Prime Minister Felipe Gonzalez.
In 1996, author Marguerite Duras, whose extraordinary life inspired a string of successful novels and films, died; among her best known works was the 1959 screenplay for "Hiroshima Mon Amour."
On this day in 1931, the "Star-Spangled Banner" was named the official anthem of the United States. Sure, you've heard the first verse, but can you sing along? And do you know the story behind the lyrics? Check out this "Star-Spangled Banner" site and learn something.
Holidays and more
Today is Liberation Day in Bulgaria.
Georgia celebrates Mother's Day.
It is Martyrs Day in Malawi.
It is Throne Day in Morocco.
Actor David Faustino ("Married ... With Children") is 24.
Olympic gold medalist Jackie Joyner-Kersee is 36.
Actor and writer Tim Kazurinsky ("Saturday Night Live") is 48.
Football player Herschel Walker is 36.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1998, J.P. Morgan