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Friday, January 16, 1998

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Holidays & more
  • Almanac archive
  • "If anyone can get anything off that machine, the FBI can."

    -- --McCracken County Sheriff Frank Augustus, speaking of shooting suspect Michael Carneal's personal computer

    Today's events

  • President Clinton plans to meet with the presidents of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to sign a Charter of Partnership.

  • National Association of Home Builders holds its 54th annual convention and exposition in Dallas.

  • The Art Deco Weekend Festival opens in Miami.

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    On the horizon

  • On Saturday, January 17, NAACP holds Summit on Employment Discrimination in the Federal Workplace.

  • On Sunday, January 18, the Golden Globe awards are presented in Los Angeles.

  • On Monday, January 19, the Conference on Disarmament holds its first session in Geneva.

  • On Tuesday, January 20, the trial for Melissa Drexler, a 19-year-old accused of killing her newborn after giving birth during her high school prom, is scheduled to start.

  • On Wednesday, January 21, Pope John Paul II begins his first visit to Cuba.

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    On this day

  • In 1547, Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) was formally crowned as the first Russian Tsar; his reign brought reforms but was more noted for its oppression, during which over 3,000 were executed.

  • In 1556 - Charles I of Spain was succeeded by his son, Philip II.

  • In 1756, the Treaty of Westminster was signed between George II of England and his nephew Frederick of Prussia; it guaranteed the neutrality of Hanover in the Anglo-French wars.

  • In 1780, Admiral Sir George Rodney defeated a Spanish squadron at Cape St Vincent, thus relieving Gibraltar.

  • In 1794, Edward Gibbon, historian and author of "The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire," died.

  • In 1809, the British army under Sir John Moore defeated a superior French force at the battle of Corunna, but Moore was killed in the fighting.

  • In 1891, Clement-Philibert-Leo Delibes, French composer, died; best remembered for his ballet "Coppelia" and his opera "Lakme."

  • In 1920, Prohibition took effect in America, forbidding the sale or manufacture of alcohol.

  • In 1920 - The first meeting of the Council of the League of Nations took place in Paris but without the participation of the United States.

  • In 1942, U.S. screen actress Carole Lombard died in an air crash; wife of film actor Clark Gable, she was best known for her films "Twentieth Century" and "To Be or Not to Be."

  • In 1944, General Dwight Eisenhower was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Expeditionary Force and asked to plan the launch of a second front in Western Europe.

  • In 1945, this date is generally regarded as marking the end of the failed German Ardennes offensive, better known as the Battle of the Bulge.

  • In 1947, Vincent Auriol was elected president of France, the first president of the Fourth Republic.

  • In 1957, Arturo Toscanini, conductor of La Scala and Metropolitan opera houses and the NBC symphony orchestra, died.

  • In 1969, student Jan Palach set fire to himself in Wenceslas Square in Prague in protest at the Russian invasion of Czechoslovakia.

  • In 1969, the Soviet Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 linked up to become the first manned spacecraft to dock in Earth's orbit.

  • In 1979, the Shah of Iran left the country after being forced into exile by Ayatollah Khomeini.

  • In 1979, an earthquake measuring seven on the Richter scale struck Khorasan province in the Qaen area of Iran, killing hundreds.

  • In 1980, the British government announced re-establishment of diplomatic relations with Chile, broken in 1976.

  • In 1987, Hu Yaobang stepped down as the Chinese Communist Party's general secretary, replaced by Zhao Ziyang.

  • In 1991, Allied forces launched a major air offensive against Iraq to begin the Persian Gulf War.

  • In 1992, in Algeria, ex-FLN dissident Mohamed Boudiaf returned from 27 years of exile in France to be sworn in as head of a five-man presidential council.

  • In 1994, South Africa's Pan Africanist Congress suspended its armed struggle against the government of President F.W. de Klerk.

  • In 1996, in India, federal police charged seven political leaders, including six former cabinet ministers, in connection with an $18 million scandal.

  • In 1996, Russian First Deputy Prime Minister Anatoly Chubais, longest-surviving reformer in the government and architect of the world's biggest privatisation programme, resigned from his post.

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    "The saloon or the boys and girls: The American Issue!" So shouts a pamphlet printed in the early 1900s by the Anti-Saloon League. Their efforts worked -- alcohol became illegal in the United States on this day in 1920. Flip through the digitized archives of the ASL.


    Holidays and more

  • It is Nuzel-Al-Quran in Malaysia.

  • Dancer Debbie Allen is 48.

  • Former auto racer A.J. Foyt Jr. is 63.

  • Opera singer Marilyn Horne is 64.

  • Singer Eartha Kitt is 70.

  • Singer Ronnie Milsap is 54.

  • Photographer Francesco Scavullo is 69.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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