Thursday, December 11, 1997
European Union foreign ministers meet in Geneva
On the horizon
On Friday, December 12, U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine
Albright is to arrive in Democratic Republic of Congo,
formerly known as Zaire, from Rwanda as part of a six-country
tour of Africa
On Saturday, December 13, U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine
Albright visits South Africa.
On Sunday, December 14, the South African Truth Commission is due to expire.
On Monday, December 15, Guyana holds presidential and
On Tuesday, December 16, Nelson Mandela steps down as
South Africa's African National Congress president.
On Wednesday, December 17, the undocking of the Progress M-36
cargo ship from the Mir space station is scheduled.
On Thursday, December 18, South Korea holds presidential
On this day
In 1205, in England, John Grey, Bishop of Norwich, was
elected Archbishop of Canterbury. He was later rejected by
Pope Innocent III.
In 1282, Michael VIII Palaeologus, Byzantine emperor, died.
He became emperor in 1259 and succeeded in restoring the
empire to the Greeks after 57 years of Latin occupation when
he took Constantinople. He was succeeded by his son
In 1282, Llewelyn, the last native-born Prince of Wales, was
killed in a battle with the English.
In 1816, Indiana became the 19th state of the United States.
In 1845, the Sonderbund was established by the seven Catholic
Swiss cantons to oppose anti-Catholic measures by Protestant
In 1845, in India, the Sikhs crossed Sutlej and surprised
the British, heralding the start of the Anglo-Sikh War.
In 1894, the world's first motor show opened in Paris with
In 1899, in the second British-Boer war, the British under
Methuen attempted to advance and were defeated with the loss
of more than 1,000 men by 9,000 Boers under Cronje at the
battle of Magersfontein.
In 1901, the first transatlantic radio signal was sent by
Italian Guglielmo Marconi from Poldhu in Cornwall and was
received by Percy Wright Paget in St Johns, Newfoundland.
In 1917, Sir Mackenzie Bowell, Canadian statesman and prime
In 1930, the Bank of the United States in New York failed and
closed all of its 60 branches. The bank had at least 400,000
In 1937l the Fascist Grand Council in Rome withdrew Italy
from the League of Nations.
In 1941, Italy and Germany declared war on the United States;
the U.S. Congress in turn declared war on both. Poland
declared war on Japan. Cuba, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Dominican
Republic and Guatemala all declared war on Germany and Italy.
In 1946, the United Nations International Children's
Emergency Fund (UNICEF) was created by the U.N. General
Assembly to provide relief to children in countries devastated
In 1967, the prototype of the Anglo-French supersonic
aircraft Concorde was shown for the first time at Toulouse,
In 1973, West German Chancellor Willy Brandt and Czech Prime
Minister Lubomir Strougal formally signed a treaty nullifying
the 1938 Munich pact which sanctioned Hitler's seizure of
In 1983, after widespread riots, Bangladesh's Chief Martial
Law Administrator, Mohammad Ershad, declared himself
In 1990, Albania's ruling Communist Party authorized the
establishment of opposition political parties.
In 1992, in what was hoped would be an end to civil war in
Somalia, warlords Ali Mahdi Mohamed and Mohamed Farah Aideed
signed a peace plan.
In 1993, after 45 years of talks, a United Nations panel
approved the creation of a new Commissioner for Human Rights
to respond quickly to major rights crises around the world.
In 1994, Russia sent tanks and troops pouring into Chechnya
to try to end the rebel territory's three-year unilateral drive for
In 1996, shipping magnate Tung Chee-hwa swept effortlessly to
a historic victory in the poll which selected Hong Kong's
leader-in-waiting to take over when the British colony
reverted to Chinese rule.
Want to know the latest on the food irradiation debate? Need
some toy safety tips? Check out the U.S. Consumer Gateway,
a link to all sorts of important federal information.
Holidays and more
Today is a national holiday in Burkina Faso.
U.S. Sen. Max Baucus is 56.
Actress Teri Garr is 48.
Singer David Gates is 57.
Activist and politician Tom Hayden is 57.
Singer Jermaine Jackson is 43.
U.S. Sen. John Kerry is 54.
Singer Brenda Lee is 53.
Actress Donna Mills is 54.
Singer and actress Rita Moreno is 66.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan