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Tuesday, December 9, 1997

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Holidays & more
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  • "When you live in California, this is the bottom line. You get fires and floods and mudslides, and it's a beautiful place."

    -- -- Southern California resident Robbin Maddox

    Today's events

  • A meeting of the 55-member Organization of the Islamic Conference begins in Tehran.

  • Amnesty hearings resume into the death in detention of South African black activist Steve Biko.

  • The steering Board of Bosnia's Peace Implementation Council meets in Germany.

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    On the horizon

  • On Wednesday, December 10, the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize is presented in Oslo.

  • On Thursday, December 11, European Union foreign ministers meet in Geneva.

  • On Friday, December 12, U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright is to arrive in Democratic Republic of Congo, formerly known as Zaire, from Rwanda as part of a six-country tour of Africa

  • On Saturday, December 13, U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright visits South Africa.

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    On this day

  • In 1165, Malcolm IV, King of Scotland, died and was succeeded by his younger brother, William I the Lion.

  • In 1625, the Treaty of the Hague was signed under which England and the Netherlands agreed to subsidize Christian IV of Denmark in his campaign in Germany.

  • In 1824, in the Peruvian War of Independence, 9,300 Spaniards under Laserna were defeated by Peruvian Patriots led by Sucre at the battle of Ayacucho; the victory led to Peru's independence.

  • In 1868, W.E. Gladstone became British prime minister for the first of his four terms.

  • In 1905, "Salome," a one-act opera by Richard Strauss from the story by Oscar Wilde, had its first performance in Dresden, Germany, and was condemned as obscene.

  • In 1917, Turkish troops surrendered Jerusalem to British troops led by Viscount Allenby.

  • In 1940, in World War II, the British 8th Army launched an offensive in North Africa by attacking Sidi Barrani in Egypt.

  • In 1941, China formally issued a declaration of war against Japan, Germany and Italy.

  • In 1958, the John Birch Society was founded in the United States, vowing to fight Communism.

  • In 1961, Tanganyika became independent within the Commonwealth, with Julius Nyerere as prime minister; one year later, it became a republic within the Commonwealth.

  • In 1965, Nikolai Podgorny replaced Anastas Mikoyan as Soviet president.

  • In 1985, former Argentine president Jorge Videla and his fellow junta member, Admiral Emilio Massera, were sentenced to life imprisonment for their part in the "dirty war" against left-wing guerrillas in which up to 9,000 people disappeared.

  • In 1987, the first riots of the intifada, or Palestinian uprising, erupted on the Gaza Strip.

  • In 1990, Lech Walesa, former leader of of the trade union Solidarity, won a landslide victory in the Polish presidential election.

  • In 1992, U.S. Marines stormed into Mogadishu, spearheading an international effort to overcome one of the worst famines this century.

  • In 1992, the separation of the prince and princess of Wales was announced.

  • In 1993, U.S. astronauts finished a gruelling five-day repair job on the $3 billion Hubble Space Telescope.

  • In 1994, Britain and Sinn Fein, the Irish Republican Army's political wing, held their first formal talks in more than 70 years.

  • In 1995, Poland's Supreme Court confirmed the victory of ex-communist Aleksander Kwasniewski in November's presidential election, rejecting protests from supporters of defeated former Solidarity hero Lech Walesa.

  • In 1996, the United Nations authorized the start of a long-delayed oil-for-food deal with Iraq, enabling Baghdad to make a limited return to the world oil market for the first time since its 1990 invasion of Kuwait.

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    Take a wide-eyed look into the past with the National Archives' online Panoramic Photograph Gallery.


    Holidays and more

  • It's Independence Day in Brunei, Darussalam and Tanzania.

  • Singer Joan Armatrading is 47.

  • Actor Beau Bridges is 56.

  • Sportscaster and football icon Dick Butkus is 55.

  • Actor Kirk Douglas is 81.

  • Actor John Malkovitch is 44.

  • Actor Donny Osmond is 40.

  • Actor Dick Van Patten is 69.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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