Thursday, October 23, 1997
Local elections are being held in Algeria.
A Czech delegation visits NATO in Brussels for the fourth and final round of talks on joining the alliance. A letter of Czech intent to join NATO is expected to be presented to Secretary General Javier Solana in November, and considered by NATO foreign ministers in December.
The General Confederation of Greek Workers and Civil Servants Council hold a 24-hour nationwide strike to press wage demands.
On the horizon
On Friday, October 24, the Tokyo Motor Show is scheduled to open in Japan.
On Saturday, October 25, the 4th International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific is scheduled to take place in Manila.
On Sunday, October 26, China's President Jiang Zemin is scheduled to visit the United States and is expected to meet with President Clinton to discuss Sino-U.S. relations.
On Monday, October 27, representatives of Africa, the Caribbean and Pacific countries are scheduled to open a joint assembly with European Union representatives in Lome, Togo.
On Tuesday, October 28, Britain's Prince Charles and son Prince Harry
are scheduled to leave for a week-long visit to Swaziland, Lesotho and South Africa.
On this day
In 42 B.C., Marcus Junius Brutus, a leader in the plot to assassinate Julius Caesar, committed suicide when his republican cause was lost and he was heavily defeated in the battle of Philippi by Marcus Antonius and Octavian.
In 1642, the Battle of Edgehill was fought, the first major conflict of the English Civil War between the royalists under King Charles I and the Parliamentarians. Both sides claimed victory.
In 1812, Claude Francois de Malet, a French general, began a conspiracy to overthrow Napoleon. He claimed that Napoleon had died in Russia and that he, de Malet, was now commandant of Paris. He was executed six days later.
In 1917, in World War I, the Battle of Caporetto began. A pivotal conflict between the Austrians and Germans, on the one hand, and the Italians, who were to suffer a devastating defeat.
In 1922, Andrew Bonar Law took office as British prime minister. His term, the shortest this century, lasted only until May 1923 when he was replaced by Stanley Baldwin.
In 1942, British and Commonwealth forces led by General Bernard Montgomery launched a huge offensive against German and Italian forces under Erwin Rommel at El Alamein, Egypt.
In 1946, the second part of the First Assembly of the United Nations began in New York. The first part had been held in London in January and February.
In 1955, the Saar, an autonomous area united economically with France, voted against closer ties with Paris. It eventually became German territory in 1957.
In 1956, a Hungarian national uprising against Soviet occupation began with students and workers demonstrating in Budapest.
In 1958, Russian author Boris Pasternak was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature for "Doctor Zhivago," a best-selling novel in the West but not then published in his own country.
In 1961, Dag Hammarskjoeld, former secretary-general of the United Nations, was posthumously awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. The delayed Nobel Peace Prize for 1960 was awarded to Albert Lutuli, ex-president of the African National Congress.
In 1973, North Vietnamese negotiator Le Duc Tho refused to accept the Nobel Peace Prize, awarded jointly to him and to U.S. counterpart Henry Kissinger, saying there was still no peace in his country.
In 1983, Shi'ite Muslim suicide bombers blew up the U.S. and French headquarters in Beirut, killing 241 U.S marines and 58 French paratroopers.
In 1990, Ukrainian Prime Minister Vitaly Masol resigned after mass student protests, the first Soviet official of his rank to quit under public pressure.
In 1991, delegates from 19 nations meeting in Paris signed a U.N.-brokered peace deal aimed at ending the 13-year civil war in Cambodia.
In 1994, at least 50 people, including opposition leader Gamini Dissanayake, were killed in a bomb explosion in the Sri Lankan capital Colombo.
In 1995, U.S. President Bill Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin agreed that Russia would take part in a peacekeeping force to police any settlement in Bosnia.
In 1996, Gro Harlem Brundtland announced her resignation as Norway's prime minister, after dominating Norwegian politics for 15 years.
Itching to check out the latest cars, but can't make it to Tokyo? The 32nd annual Tokyo Motor Show is on the Web, too, in Japanese and English. Happy motoring!
Holidays and more
Israel observes the Feast of Tabernacles.
Thailand observes King Chulalongkorn Memorial Day.
Former professional baseball player and U.S. Congressman Jim Bunning is 66.
Entertainer Johnny Carson is 72.
Author Michael Crichton is 55.
Football player Doug Flutie is 35.
Soccer player Pele is 57.
Golfer Juan "Chi-Chi" Rodriguez is 63.
Musician and satirist "Weird Al" Yankovic is 38.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan