Tuesday, October 14, 1997
European Commission President Jacques Santer is expected to
address the opening of the Frankfurt Book Fair in Frankfurt, Germany.
The Booker Prize for literature is scheduled to be announced in London.
The winner of the 1997 Economics Nobel Prize is scheduled to be announced at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm.
The Franco-German economic summit is expected to take place in Muenster, Germany.
Sir Paul McCartney's symphony, "Standing Stone," is scheduled to premiere at Albert Hall in London.
On the horizon
On Wednesday, October 15, the winner of the 1997 Physics and Chemistry Nobel Prize is scheduled to be announced at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
On Thursday, October 16, a mass wedding involving both Christians and Muslims is scheduled to take place in Cairo, Egypt.
On Friday, October 17, Sao Paulo, Brazil's, 21st International Film Exhibition is scheduled to begin with over 150 films to be screened.
On Saturday, October 18, the "Fairy Queen," India's oldest steam locomotive, is scheduled to leave for Alwar in Rajasthan.
On Sunday, October 19, U.S. drug czar Barry McCaffrey is scheduled to visit Bogota, Colombia.
On this day
In 1066, the Battle of Hastings was fought on Senlac Hill,
seven miles from Hastings, where King Harold of England was
defeated and killed by William of Normandy's troops.
In 1322, Robert the Bruce of Scotland heavily defeated King
Edward II of England at Byland, north of York. Edward was thus
forced to accept the independence of Scotland.
In 1705, the English navy captured Barcelona in the War of
the Spanish Succession.
In 1806, Napoleon defeated the Prussians and Saxons at the
battles of Jena and Auerstadt in Saxony. He completed his
conquest of Prussia within six weeks.
In 1809, the Treaty of Vienna was signed, Austria ceded Trieste
and Illyria to France, Galicia to Poland and Russia and Inn
District to Bavaria.
In 1912, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt was shot by a
would-be assassin in Milwaukee. He was saved by his thick coat
and a bundle of manuscript paper in his breast pocket.
In 1913, Britain's worst mining disaster occurred as the
result of an explosion at the Universal Colliery in Glamorgan,
Wales, killing 439.
In 1933, Nazi Germany announced that it would withdraw from
the League of Nations and would take no further part in the
Geneva Disarmament Conference.
In 1939, the British Navy battleship "Royal Oak" was
torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine in Scapa Flow Bay,
North Scotland, with the loss of over 800 lives.
In 1944, British and Greek troops liberated Athens which had
been in German hands since April 1941.
In 1947, flying in an army rocket-powered research plane, U.S.
Air Force Captain Charles Yeager became the first man to break
the sound barrier.
In 1964, U.S. black civil rights leader Martin Luther King was
awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1973, the Thai government of Prime Minister Thanom
Kittikachorn was forced to resign after the army refused to use
force to disperse student protesters.
In 1988, Naguib Mahfouz, an Egyptian novelist ranked by
critics alongside literary giants such as Dickens, Zola and
Dostoyevsky, became the first Arabic-language writer to win the
Nobel literature prize.
In 1991, Burmese opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi, held
under house arrest for more than two years by her country's
military rulers, won the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1994, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, Foreign
Minister Shimon Peres and Palestine Liberation Organization
chairman Yasser Arafat shared the Nobel Peace Prize.
In 1995, a judge ordered Italy's former prime minister Silvio
Berlusconi to stand trial on corruption charges.
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Holidays and more
Today is Discovery Day in the Bahamas.
Georgia celebrates Svetitskhovloba.
Today is Mother's Day in Malawi.
Yemen celebrates National Day.
It's Youth Day in Zaire.
Actor Harry Anderson is 45.
Lawyer John Dean is 59.
Actor Greg Evigan is 44.
Musician Gary Graffman is 69.
Former U.S. Surgeon General Charles Everett Koop is 81.
Designer Ralph Lauren is 58.
Actor Roger Moore is 69.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan