Wednesday, October 8, 1997
The trial of Maurice Papon, former official
in German-occupied France accused of crimes against humanity, is expected to begin in Bordeaux, France.
The World Cancer Relief Fund is scheduled to sponsor a conference on Food, Nutrition and the Prevention of Cancer in Washington.
Thai Prime Minister Chavalit Yongchaiyudh is scheduled to visit Tokyo for talks with Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto over bilateral and international issues.
The Organization of American States (OAS) conference on
naval cooperation to fight illegal drug- trafficking is expected to take place in Lima.
On the horizon
On Thursday, October 9, the Falkland Islands are scheduled to hold general elections.
On Friday, October 10, The 2nd Pusan International Film
Festival is scheduled to open in South Korea.
On Saturday, October 11, the 23rd General Population Conference is scheduled in Beijing.
On Sunday, October 12, U.S. President Bill Clinton is expected to begin his visit to Brazil, Argentina and Venezuela.
On Monday, October 13, the Czech delegation, led by Deputy Foreign Minister
Karel Kovanda, is scheduled to visit NATO for the third round of talks on accession to the alliance.
On this day
In 1354, Cola di Rienzo, tribune of Rome, was murdered by a
mob. He tried to introduce measures for the common good in Rome
but earned the hostility of the nobles.
In 1806, British forces laying siege to the French port of
Boulogne used Congreve rockets, invented by Sir William
Congreve, the first British use of rocket-propelled missiles.
In 1856, Chinese police boarded the British vessel Arrow,
arrested 12 Chinese crewmen on suspicion of piracy and lowered
the British flag. The incident led to the second Anglo-Chinese
In 1871, the Great Fire of Chicago broke out. According to
legend, a cow kicked over a lantern in Mrs. O'Leary's barn; at
least 300 people were killed and 90,000 were made homeless.
Damage was estimated at over $200 million.
In 1873, in the United States the first women's prison run by
women opened. The Indiana Reformatory Institution for Women and
Girls received 17 prisoners.
In 1912, Montenegro declared war on Turkey, beginning the
First Balkan War.
In 1915, the Battle of Loos, one of the fiercest of the First
World War, ended with virtually no gains for either side. Almost
430,000 French, British and Germans were killed. The British
used poison gas for the first time in the battle.
In 1939, the evacuation of Germans from Latvia began following
permission by the foreign ministries of Latvia, Estonia and
Lithuania to evacuate Baltic Germans.
In 1944, in Finland, the port of Kemi, the last held by German
forces, was re-captured.
In 1952, 112 people were killed and over 200 injured in a rail
crash involving three trains in northwest London.
In 1953, Britain and the United States announced they were
withdrawing their troops from the Free Territory of Trieste,
handing control to the Italians.
In 1970, the Nobel Prize for Literature was won by Russian
novelist Alexander Solzhenitsyn.
In 1982, the Polish parliament dissolved Solidarity, formally
ending eastern Europe's first experiment in trade union
In 1990, united Germany signed its first international treaty,
agreeing with Czechoslovakia on a program for cleaning up the
polluted River Elbe.
In 1991, Haiti's parliament formally installed the senior
judge of the Supreme Court, Joseph Nerette, as the country's
In 1993, the U.N. General Assembly lifted almost all its
remaining economic sanctions against South Africa, begun in the
1960s and built up in subsequent years because of Pretoria's
policy of racial apartheid.
In 1996, Pope John Paul had his appendix removed at Rome's
Gemelli hospital; no sign of a tumor or other serious illness
In 1996, a beaming Palestinian President Yasser Arafat made
his first public visit to Israel for talks with Israeli
President Ezer Weizman at his private residence in the seaside
town of Caesarea in central Israel.
Now that the new season of NBC drama ER has begun, check out a searchable database of real emergency room cases from 100 US hospitals, using the latest government data.
Holidays and more
Cuba celebrates the Day of the Heroic Warrior and Fall of Ernesto Che Guevara.
Peru marks the Combat of Angamos.
Gossip columnist Rona Barrett is 61.
Actor David Carradine is 57.
Comedian Chevy Chase is 54.
Designer Clodagh is 60.
Former boxer William Conn Jr. is 80.
Actor Paul Hogan is 58.
Civil rights leader Jesse Jackson is 56.
TV personality Sarah Purcell is 49.
Actress Sigourney Weaver is 48.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan