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Tuesday, October 7, 1997

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
  • Newslink
  • Holidays & more
  • Almanac archive
  • "As prime minister I have the duty, the supreme duty, to fight in every possible way against this dreadful terror. This is a battle without compromise. This is not a battle of words. It's a battle of deeds,"

    -- Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu





    Today's events


  • All-party Northern Ireland peace talks are expected to take place in Belfast.

  • Britain's Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh are scheduled to visit Pakistan.

  • The Danish parliament is scheduled to reconvene in Copenhagen after the summer recess.

  • E.U. employment and social affairs ministers are scheduled to meet in Luxembourg.

  • Belgian Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene is scheduled to deliver the State of the Nation and budget speech to the Belgian Parliament.

  • Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands is expected to pay an official visit to Greece with her husband.

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    On the horizon


  • On Wednesday, October 8, Maurice Papon, the former official in German-occupied France, is expected to go on trial for crimes against humanity over deportation of Jews to Nazi death camps in Bordeaux, France.

  • On Thursday, October 9, the Falkland Islands are scheduled to hold general elections.

  • On Friday, October 10, The 2nd Pusan International Film Festival is scheduled to open in South Korea.

  • On Saturday, October 11, the 23rd General Population Conference is scheduled in Beijing.

  • On Sunday, October 12, U.S. President Bill Clinton is expected to begin his visit to Brazil, Argentina and Venezuela.

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    On this day


  • In 1571, in the Battle of Lepanto in southwestern Greece, Don John of Austria and his Christian forces of 316 ships defeated the Turkish navy under Ali Pasha with 250 galleys. At least 25,000 Turks were killed and 80 ships destroyed in what was the last great confrontation between oared ships.

  • In 1763, George III of Great Britain issued the Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of the Alleghenies to white settlement.

  • In 1765, a Stamp Act Congress began sitting in New York to protest against the British Stamp Act which raised a direct tax on the colonies.

  • In 1780, in the American Revolution, 1,100 British soldiers under Major Patrick Ferguson were surrounded and heavily defeated by American militia in the battle of King's Mountain in western Carolina.

  • In 1806, carbon paper was patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgewood.

  • In 1879, a German-Austrian dual alliance was formed under which they agreed to come to each other's aid if either was attacked.

  • In 1908, Crete rebelled against Turkish domination and united with Greece.

  • In 1919, KLM, the national airline of the Netherlands, was established. It is the oldest existing airline.

  • In 1940, in World War II, German troops invaded Romania to take control of strategic oil fields.

  • In 1949, the German Democratic Republic, or East Germany, was proclaimed with Wilhelm Pieck as president and Otto Grotewohl as prime minister.

  • In 1959, the far side of the moon was photographed for the first time by the Soviet Union's Luna 3 spacecraft.

  • In 1977, the Soviet Union adopted a new constitution, replacing the one introduced in 1936.

  • In 1981, Hosni Mubarak became acting-president of Egypt following the assassination of Anwar Sadat on October 6.

  • In 1985, Palestinian guerrillas seized the Achille Lauro, an Italian passenger ship carrying about 440 people, and threatened to blow it up if Israel did not free 50 Palestinian prisoners. Leon Klinghoffer, an elderly wheelchair-bound American, was killed.

  • In 1987, Fiji coup leader Sitiveni Rabuka declared himself head of state of the new republic.

  • In 1990, Sheikh Rashid bin Said al-Maktoum, ruler of Dubai and prime minister and vice-president of the United Arab Emirates, died after a long illness aged 76.

  • In 1996, IRA guerrillas bombed Britain's army headquarters in Northern Ireland, injuring 31 people and shattering an uneasy two-year peace in the province.

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    Newslink


    An American biologist won the 1997 Nobel prize for medicine Monday for his discovery of a new class of germ believed responsible for brain-wasting conditions such as "mad cow" disease. Read more about the Nobel Foundation by clicking here


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    Holidays and more


  • Bhutan celebrates Thimpu Drupehen.

  • Actress June Allyson is 80.

  • Poet and dramatist Imamu Amiri Baraka is 63.

  • Swiss conductor Charles Dutoit is 61.

  • Novelist Thomas Keneally is 62.

  • Psychiatrist and author R.D. Laing is 70.

  • Musician Yo-Yo Ma is 42.

  • Actor and singer Al Martino is 70.

  • Singer John Cougar Mellencamp is 46.

  • Colonel Oliver North is 54.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan



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