Tuesday, October 7, 1997
All-party Northern Ireland peace talks are expected to take place in Belfast.
Britain's Queen Elizabeth and the Duke of
Edinburgh are scheduled to visit Pakistan.
The Danish parliament is scheduled to reconvene in Copenhagen after the summer recess.
E.U. employment and social affairs ministers
are scheduled to meet in Luxembourg.
Belgian Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene is scheduled to deliver the State of the Nation and budget speech to the Belgian Parliament.
Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands is expected to pay an official visit to Greece with her husband.
On the horizon
On Wednesday, October 8, Maurice Papon, the former official
in German-occupied France, is expected to go on trial for crimes against humanity over deportation of Jews to Nazi death camps in Bordeaux, France.
On Thursday, October 9, the Falkland Islands are scheduled to hold general elections.
On Friday, October 10, The 2nd Pusan International Film
Festival is scheduled to open in South Korea.
On Saturday, October 11, the 23rd General Population Conference is scheduled in Beijing.
On Sunday, October 12, U.S. President Bill Clinton is expected to begin his visit to Brazil, Argentina and Venezuela.
On this day
In 1571, in the Battle of Lepanto in southwestern Greece, Don
John of Austria and his Christian forces of 316 ships defeated the Turkish navy under Ali Pasha with 250 galleys. At least 25,000 Turks were killed and 80 ships destroyed in what was the last great confrontation between oared ships.
In 1763, George III of Great Britain issued the Proclamation
of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of the
Alleghenies to white settlement.
In 1765, a Stamp Act Congress began sitting in New York to
protest against the British Stamp Act which raised a direct tax on the colonies.
In 1780, in the American Revolution, 1,100 British soldiers
under Major Patrick Ferguson were surrounded and heavily
defeated by American militia in the battle of King's Mountain in western Carolina.
In 1806, carbon paper was patented in London by inventor Ralph Wedgewood.
In 1879, a German-Austrian dual alliance was formed under
which they agreed to come to each other's aid if either was
In 1908, Crete rebelled against Turkish domination and united
In 1919, KLM, the national airline of the Netherlands, was
established. It is the oldest existing airline.
In 1940, in World War II, German troops invaded Romania to
take control of strategic oil fields.
In 1949, the German Democratic Republic, or East Germany, was
proclaimed with Wilhelm Pieck as president and Otto Grotewohl as
In 1959, the far side of the moon was photographed for the
first time by the Soviet Union's Luna 3 spacecraft.
In 1977, the Soviet Union adopted a new constitution,
replacing the one introduced in 1936.
In 1981, Hosni Mubarak became acting-president of Egypt
following the assassination of Anwar Sadat on October 6.
In 1985, Palestinian guerrillas seized the Achille Lauro, an
Italian passenger ship carrying about 440 people, and threatened
to blow it up if Israel did not free 50 Palestinian prisoners.
Leon Klinghoffer, an elderly wheelchair-bound American, was
In 1987, Fiji coup leader Sitiveni Rabuka declared himself
head of state of the new republic.
In 1990, Sheikh Rashid bin Said al-Maktoum, ruler of Dubai and
prime minister and vice-president of the United Arab Emirates,
died after a long illness aged 76.
In 1996, IRA guerrillas bombed Britain's army headquarters in
Northern Ireland, injuring 31 people and shattering an uneasy
two-year peace in the province.
An American biologist won the 1997 Nobel prize for medicine Monday for his discovery of a new class of germ believed responsible for brain-wasting conditions such as "mad cow" disease. Read more about the Nobel Foundation by clicking here
Holidays and more
Bhutan celebrates Thimpu Drupehen.
Actress June Allyson is 80.
Poet and dramatist Imamu Amiri Baraka is 63.
Swiss conductor Charles Dutoit is 61.
Novelist Thomas Keneally is 62.
Psychiatrist and author R.D. Laing is 70.
Musician Yo-Yo Ma is 42.
Actor and singer Al Martino is 70.
Singer John Cougar Mellencamp is 46.
Colonel Oliver North is 54.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan