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Wednesday, October 1, 1997

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
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  • "Well, what's a juror to think? They're going to sit there and feel 'I guess this issue of guilt's already been decided. We're just here to talk about punishment.' So it takes a lot to get that out of the jurors' mind and focus back on guilt or innocence."

    -- Terry Nichols' defense attorney Ron Woods

    Today's events

  • NATO defense ministers are expected to hold an informal meeting under chairmanship of NATO Secretary General Javier Solana in Maastricht, the Netherlands.

  • The Euro is expected to be launched experimentally in the Italian towns of Fiesole and Pontassieve.

  • Nigeria marks 37 years of independence with a national broadcast expected by military ruler General Sani Abacha.

  • Russian Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin visits The Hague.

  • Russian cosmonaut Vladimir Titov is scheduled to hold the first spacewalk ever of a Russian cosmonaut wearing a U.S. spacesuit when he leaves from U.S. shuttle with an American astronaut and proceeds to Mir space station.

  • Malaysia's Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad visits Uruguay.

  • The Moslem-Croat federation parliament's House of People convenes in Sarajevo to discuss draft laws passed by the federation government.

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    On the horizon

  • On Thursday, October 2, French President Jacques Chirac and Italian Prime Minister Romano Prodi are scheduled to meet for the two nations' regular summit.

  • On Friday, October 3, Lee Kuan Yew, who formally retired in 1990 as the world's longest-serving prime minister, is scheduled to launch of book "Lee Kuan Yew -- The Man & His Ideas" in Singapore.

  • On Saturday, October 4, the youngest daughter of Spanish King Juan Carlos is scheduled to marry Olympic handball player Inaki Urdangarin in Barcelona, Spain.

  • On Sunday, October 5, French President Jacques Chirac is scheduled to visit Mexico.

  • On Monday, October 6, the winner of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine is scheduled to be announced by the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm.

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    On this day

  • In 1795, Belgium became part of the French Republic.

  • In 1800, under the Treaty of San Idelfonso, Spain returned Louisiana territory to France.

  • In 1869, the World's first official prepaid postcards were issued by the Austrian Post Office.

  • In 1887, Baluchistan was declared to be British territory and was merged with India.

  • In 1908, Henry Ford's Model T Ford went on sale for the first time.

  • In 1914, Turkey closed the Dardenelles to the allies in World War I.

  • In 1918, Arab forces assisted by the British under T. E. Lawrence captured Damascus from the Turks.

  • In 1923, Southern Rhodesia became a self-governing colony within the British Commonwealth.

  • In 1928, Stalin's first Five-Year Plan which set targets for every industry, factory and workshop went into operation in the Soviet Union.

  • In 1936, General Francisco Franco was named head of the Nationalist government in Spain.

  • In 1938, German troops crossed into the Sudetenland following an agreement between Britain, France, Germany and Italy to avoid war over Czechoslovakia.

  • In 1943, after a month-long battle, allied soldiers captured Naples in Italy.

  • In 1946, the International War Crimes Tribunal in Nuremburg sentenced 12 Nazi leaders to death.

  • In 1949, the People's Republic of China was formed with Mao Zedong as its head.

  • In 1957, the first meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency began in Vienna, with W. Sterling Cole as Director-General.

  • In 1960, the Federation of Nigeria achieved independence within the Commonwealth. On this day in 1963 it became a federal republic.

  • In 1962, the United Nations took control of West New Guinea (now Irian Jaya) from the Netherlands.

  • In 1964, Japan's "bullet train" from Tokyo to Osaka made its first journey.

  • In 1965, a coup attempt in Indonesia was crushed by an army officer named Suharto; he became president two years later.

  • In 1969, the Anglo-French Concorde aircraft broke the sound barrier for the first time in a test flight over France.

  • In 1974, the Watergate cover-up trial opened in Washington.

  • In 1979, the Panama Canal Zone was formally handed over to Panama after 70 years of U.S. control.

  • In 1982, Helmut Kohl was sworn in as West Germany's sixth Chancellor, succeeding Helmut Schmidt.

  • In 1987, Fiji coup leader Colonel Sitiveni Rabuka formally revoked his country's constitution, saying he had replaced Queen Elizabeth as head of state with power to rule by decree.

  • In 1989, Pakistan rejoined the Commonwealth after a 17-year absence.

  • In 1991, President Aristide of Haiti flew into exile in Venezuela after a coup by a three-man military junta led by General Raul Cedras.

  • In 1995, a U.S. federal jury found Egyptian cleric Sheikh Omar Abdel-Rahman and nine others guilty of plotting to blow up the World Trade Center, bomb the United Nations, kill Egypt's president and destroy vital highway tunnels in New York.

  • In 1996, the U.N. Security Council formally ended trade sanctions against the Yugoslav republics of Serbia and Montenegro imposed in 1992 for their role in fomenting the war in Bosnia.

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    On Mir, a Russian cosmonaut prepares to take Russia's first spacewalk in a U.S. spacesuit instead of a Russian one. Find out more about the mission by clickinghere.


    Holidays and more

  • Today is National Day in China.

  • Cyprus celebrates Independence Day.

  • Macau celebrates People's Republic of China National Day.

  • Nigeria celebrates National Day.

  • Rwanda rings in Armed Forces Day.

  • San Marino celebrates Captain Regents Day.

  • Actress Julie Andrews is 62.

  • Actor Tom Bosley is 70.

  • Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter is 73.

  • Singer Richard Harris is 67.

  • Actor Phillipe Noiret is 67.

  • Actor Randy Quaid is 47.

  • Chief Supreme Court Justice William Rehnquist is 73.

  • Actress Stella Stevens is 61.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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