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Wednesday, September 17, 1997

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
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  • "[Trevor Rees-Jones] is perfectly conscious and can communicate well, though tires quickly. He was able to be taken off artificial respiration and the infection of his lung (injury) is under control."

    -- Dr. Pierre Coriat, chief of anesthesiology at the Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital

    Today's events

  • The 28th South Pacific Forum is expected to open in the Cook Islands, Australia.

  • German Chancellor Helmut Kohl is scheduled to receive "The vision for Europe" award in Luxembourg.

  • The German-Caucasus parliamentary group is expected to visit Baku.

  • Justice Minister Raul Granillo Ocampo is expected to debate with opposition Radical Party leader Rodolfo Terragno in Buenos Aires.

  • Philippines President Fidel Ramos is expected to visit Austria.

  • Venezuela's Social Christian party Copei is scheduled to hold a national convention at which will discuss change of statutes to allow independents to run on Copei presidential ticket.

  • An exhibition of achievements by overseas and domestic Chinese is expected to take place in Beijing.

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    On the horizon

  • On Thursday, September 18, the devolution referendum for Wales is scheduled to take place, with Wales voting on whether to give the country independent rule within United Kingdom.

  • On Friday, September 19, a new anti-smoking law is scheduled to take effect in Taiwan, with fines administered for smoking in public areas.

  • On Saturday, September 20, Czech President Vaclav Havel is scheduled to visit Jordan.

  • On Sunday, September 21, Serbia is scheduled to hold presidential elections.

  • On Monday, September 22, President Clinton is scheduled to address the 52nd session of the United Nations General Assembly.

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    On this day

  • In 1631, in the Thirty Years War, a force of 40,000 Swedes and Protestant Germans under Gustav Adolphus defeated 44,000 Imperialists led by the Count of Tilly at the battle of Breitenfeld near Leipzig. The Imperialists lost over 8,000 killed.

  • In 1778, the first treaty between the United States and Indian tribes was signed at Fort Pitt.

  • In 1787, 39 delegates from 12 of the 13 states of the Union signed the Constitution of the United States.

  • In 1796, President George Washington delivered his farewell address to the American people. He had been president since 1789.

  • In 1809, the Treaty of Fredrikshamm ended the Russo-Swedish war, ceding Finland to Russia.

  • In 1862, the Battle of Antietam in the U.S. Civil War halted the Confederate advance into the North in one of the bloodiest fights of the war.

  • In 1871, the Mont Cenis Tunnel, the first of the great tunnels through the Alps to be completed, was opened.

  • In 1900, Queen Victoria signed the document which united the six colonies as the Federal Commonwealth of Australia. This came into effect on January 1, 1901. The Earl of Hopetoun was named as the first Governor-General.

  • In 1931 , the first long-playing record to rotate at 33-1/3 rpm was demonstrated by the RCA Victor company in New York.

  • In 1935, Manuel Quezon y Molina was elected first president of the Philippine Commonwealth, established under U.S. tutelage.

  • In 1939, Russia invaded Eastern Poland, meeting little resistance and taking 217,000 Poles prisoner.

  • In 1944, the failed "Operation Market Garden" began with British airborne troops being dropped at Arnhem. The aim was to capture bridges over Dutch rivers, outflanking the German defensive line.

  • In 1957, in Thailand, the government of Field-Marshal Pibul Songgram was overthrown in a bloodless coup by General Sarit Thanarat.

  • In 1961 , former Turkish prime minister Adnan Menderes, overthrown in a coup in 1960, was hanged by the new military rulers.

  • In 1972, Uganda announced that Tanzanian forces, later said to be Ugandan exiles, had crossed the border and captured three towns before being removed by Ugandan troops.

  • In 1978, the Camp David summit between Jimmy Carter, Anwar Sadat of Egypt and Menachem Begin of Israel ended with a framework for a peace treaty.

  • In 1980, General Anastasio Somoza Debayle, former president of Nicaragua, was assassinated in Paraguay where he was in exile.

  • In 1988, in Haiti the government of General Henri Namphy was deposed in a coup d'etat and General Prosper Avril declared himself president.

  • In 1991, the General Assembly admitted North and South Korea, Micronesia, Marshall Islands, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania as members of the U.N.

  • In 1994, Sir Karl Popper, one of the 20th century's most respected philosophers, died aged 92.

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    More than a decade after it hit the United States, the AIDS epidemic has taken a devastating turn into a new segment of society: younger women who date older men. Researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say that women now account for 20 percent of all adults with AIDS. To find out more about the AIDS prevention, click here.


    Holidays and more

  • It's the Day of the National Hero in Angola.

  • Hong Kong rings in the day following the Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival.

  • Korea celebrates its Thanksgiving Holiday.

  • Macau celebrates the day following Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival.

  • Actress Ann Bancroft is 66.

  • Football player Anthony Carter is 37.

  • Former Israeli President Chaim Herzog is 79.

  • Author Ken Kesey is 62.

  • Actor John Ritter is 49.

  • Supreme Court Justice David Souter is 58.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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