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Tuesday, September 9, 1997

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
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  • "We've gone from a rescue operation to a recovery operation."

    -- U.S. Coast Guard Lt. Steve Banks

    Today's events

  • U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright is scheduled to begin her first Middle East trip.

  • The traditional cycle race "Through Yugoslavia" with three domestic and 17 international teams participating is scheduled to begin in Zrenjanin, Serbia.

  • American University's School of Communication holds an American Forum with the topic, "Who Killed Princess Diana? The Paparazzi in all of Us"

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    On the horizon

  • On Wednesday, September 10, Vietnam celebrates the anniversary of the founding of Vietnam's Fatherland Front.

  • On Thursday, September 11, the World Council of Churches Central Committee is scheduled to begin a session in Geneva.

  • On Friday, September 12, Ireland's President Mary Robinson is scheduled to step down as head of state nearly three months before the end of her term to take up new United Nation's post.

  • On Saturday, September 13, the First post-war municipal elections organized by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) are scheduled to be held throughout Bosnia.

  • On Sunday, September 14, the opening ceremony for the Sydney Olympic Festival of the Dreaming is scheduled to be held.

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    On this day

  • In 1087, Norman King William I, known as "William the Conqueror," died.

  • In 1513, forces of James IV of Scotland battled English troops in Flodden near Branxton, in the English county of Northumberland. The Scots were heavily defeated and James IV was killed along with all his nobles.

  • In 1776, the U.S. was born when the Continental Congress changed the name of the nation from the United Colonies to the United States.

  • In 1835, the so-called "September Laws" were introduced in France, suppressing the radical movement and censoring the press.

  • In 1850, California entered the Union as the 31st U.S. state.

  • In 1914, in World War I, the chief of the German general staff Helmuth von Moltke called off the German advance after the British and French counter-attacked, thus ending the first Battle of the Marne. German casualties were estimated at 800,000.

  • In 1942, in one of their rare raids on the U.S. mainland, a Japanese plane dropped incendiaries on Oregon.

  • In 1943, allied forces under U.S. Lieutenant General Mark Clark made amphibious landings at the Salerno beachhead. The port of Naples was their ultimate target.

  • In 1944, a day after Soviet troops had entered the country, internal Communist elements in Bulgaria seized power in a coup, Kimon Giorgiev replacing Konstantin Muraviev as prime minister.

  • In 1948, after the withdrawal of Soviet forces from North Korea, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was proclaimed with Pyongyang as its capital.

  • In 1971, Geoffrey Jackson, the British ambassador to Uruguay, was released after being held by Tupamaros guerrillas for eight months.

  • In 1975, Czech tennis player Martina Navratilova asked for political asylum in the U.S.

  • In 1976, Chairman Mao Zedong, Chinese revolutionary soldier and statesman, died. He proclaimed the People's Republic of China in 1949 in Beijing.

  • In 1981, France announced its intention to nationalize 36 private banks.

  • In 1990, Presidents George Bush of the United States and Mikhail Gorbachev of the Soviet Union ended a summit in Helsinki, pledging unity in their "struggle against Iraqi aggression." The summit occurred shortly after Iraq's invasion of Kuwait.

  • In 1990, in Liberia, President Samuel Doe was captured by a rebel group led by Prince Yormie Johnson who then declared himself in charge of the country.

  • In 1991, the Soviet Central Asian republic of Tajikistan declared independence from Moscow.

  • In 1993, arch foes Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization agreed to recognize each other, clearing the way for an end to the century-old conflict between Arabs and Jews.

  • In 1996, the Iraqi-backed Kurdistan Democratic Party captured the main stronghold of Sulaimaniya from its rival.

  • In 1996, Hutu rebels murdered the Roman Catholic archbishop of Burundi, Joachim Ruhuna, in an ambush.

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    An average of 350 people per hour are calling into Princess Diana's memorial fund. Diana was the patron of six charities in the fields of ballet, children's hospitals, the homeless, AIDS, leprosy and cancer. To find out more, click here.


    Holidays and more

  • Today is Independence Day in Tajikistan.

  • Actor Hugh Grant is 37.

  • Actress Jane Greer is 73.

  • Actor Michael Keaton is 46.

  • Actress Kristy McNichol is 35.

  • Actress Sylvia Miles is 63.

  • Actor Cliff Robertson is 72.

  • Football Hall of Famer Joe Theisman is 48.

  • Actor Tom Wopat is 46.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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