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Wednesday, September 3, 1997

  • Today's Events
  • On Horizon
  • On This Day
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  • "The royals are certainly in a position to regain their popularity. Whether they will have the personality and skills to do it remains to be seen."

    -- New Statesman Editor Ian Hargreaves

    Today's events

  • South African President Nelson Mandela visits Berne, Switzerland, to discuss bilateral and international issues.

  • Czech President Vaclav Havel is to host "Forum 2000" in Prague, a conference to evaluate humanity's past and consider its future.

  • A "Conference on Global Strategies for Prevention of HIV Transmission from Mothers to Infants" is scheduled to start in Arlington, Virginia.

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    On the horizon

  • On Thursday, September 4, Japan's Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto visits China to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the normalization of bilateral diplomatic relations

  • On Friday, September 5, the International Olympic Committee announces its decision on the venue for the 2004 Olympic Games from a short list of five cities, Athens, Buenos Aires, Cape Town, Rome and Stockholm.

  • On Saturday, September 6, the International Open Air Theatre Festival opens in South Korea.

  • On Sunday, September 7, Saab is scheduled to celebrate its 60 year anniversary.

  • On Monday, September 8, Italian foreign affairs commission are scheduled to visit Turkey on a human rights tour.

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    On this day

  • In 1189, the coronation of England's King Richard the Lionheart took place at Westminster Abbey in London.

  • In 1650, the Scots were routed by the English, led by Oliver Cromwell, at the Battle of Dunbar in Scotland.

  • In 1758, the Marquis of Tavora and his wife led a revolt in Portugal against King Joseph I; the king was wounded but the plotters were soon arrested.

  • In 1759, the expulsion of Jesuits began in Portugal as a result of conspiracy of 1758.

  • In 1783, the Treaty of Paris, ending the American War of Independence, was signed by Britain and the United States.

  • In 1791, the French Constitution was passed by the National Assembly, making France a constitutional monarchy.

  • In 1826, Nicholas I was crowned Tsar of Russia in Moscow.

  • In 1879, after a month-long siege, British residents in Kabul were massacred by Afghan troops.

  • In 1914, Cardinal Giacomo Della Chiesa was elected Pope as Benedict XV.

  • In 1918, the allies forced the Germans back across the Hindenburg Line, which they had crossed in March.

  • In 1925, the U.S. dirigible Shenandoah, the first airship to use helium gas, ran into a storm over southern Ohio and broke up in the air with the loss of 14 officers and men.

  • In 1935, at the Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah, Sir Malcolm Campbell's automobile was timed at 301.1292 mph (484.6205 kph), the first officially clocked 300-mph performance by a land vehicle.

  • In 1939, Great Britain and France declared war on Germany after its invasion of Poland. The Liner Athenia became the first ship to be sunk by a U-boat in the War, when it was torpedoed on the first day.

  • In 1943, the British Eighth Army invaded Italy from Sicily.

  • In 1965, Hector Garcia Godoy was sworn in as President of the Dominican Republic, ending four months of fighting after a coup.

  • In 1967, Sweden changed to driving on the right.

  • In 1967, Nguyen Van Thieu won South Vietnam's presidential election with Nguyen Cao Ky as his vice-president.

  • In 1971, the Four-power agreement on Berlin was signed by the U.S., British and French ambassadors to West Germany and the Soviet ambassador to East Germany. The agreement came into force June 3, 1972.

  • In 1976, the U.S. spacecraft Viking 2 landed on Mars and began sending back photographs of the Martian landscape.

  • In 1980, Zimbabwe and South Africa closed their diplomatic missions in each others' country.

  • In 1984, a new South African constitution came into effect, setting up a three-chamber, racially divided parliament for white, Indian and mixed race people.

  • In 1989, a Cuban Airlines IL-62M carrying 126 people on a flight from Havana to Milan crashed into a village shortly after takeoff. All on board, plus some 45 people on the ground, were killed.

  • In 1990, the Mongolian parliament re-elected reformist communist Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat as president.

  • In 1990, Somalia's President Mohamed Siad Barre sacked his government amid intensified fighting between security forces and rebels.

  • In 1991, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania applied for membership of the United Nations.

  • In 1993, Cambodia's government agreed to the country becoming a constitutional monarchy with Norodom Sihanouk returning to the throne.

  • In 1994, Russia and China formally ended decades of confrontation and agreed to cease aiming nuclear missiles at each other.

  • In 1996, the U.S. launched one of the biggest military strikes against Iraq since the Gulf War, firing 27 cruise missiles at targets in southern Iraq in response to Iraqi attacks on Kurds in the north.

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    Princess Diana spoke out in the years before here death about the paparazzi and pressures of royal life. To read a transcript of her interview with the BBC, click here.


    Holidays and more

  • Today is Liberation Day in Monaco.

  • It's Independence Day in Qatar.

  • Today is St. Marinus Day in San Marino.

  • Actress Eileen Brennan is 60.

  • Actress Kitty Carlisle is 82.

  • Actress Pauline Collins is 57.

  • Actress Anne Jackson is 71.

  • Actress Valerie Perrine is 54.

  • Actor Charlie Sheen is 32.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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