Tuesday, September 2, 1997
Romania is scheduled to host the third international
conference on "New and Restored Democracies," which is
expected to draw representatives from 75 emerging democracies
in Africa, Asia, Central and Eastern Europe and Latin
The Sarajevo Film Festival is scheduled to begin, with 65
movies from 20 countries showing, including "Perfect Circle,"
the first Bosnian post-war movie.
Actor Christian Slater is scheduled to be arraigned in Los
Angeles on misdemeanor charges stemming from biting incident
and altercation with police.
On the horizon
On Wednesday, September 3, South African President Nelson
Mandela visits Berne, Switzerland, to discuss bilateral and
On Thursday, September 4, Japan's Prime Minister Ryutaro
Hashimoto visits China to commemorate the 25th anniversary of
the normalization of bilateral diplomatic relations
On Friday, September 5, the International Olympic Committee
announces its decision on the venue for the 2004
Olympic Games from a short list of five cities, Athens,
Buenos Aires, Cape Town, Rome and Stockholm.
On Saturday, September 6, the International Open Air Theatre
Festival opens in South Korea.
On Sunday, September 7, Saab is scheduled to celebrate its 60
On this day
In 31 BC, Mark Anthony's naval force, including a squadron of
Cleopatra's, was defeated at Actium by Roman legions under
In 1666, the Great Fire of London began in a bakery in
Pudding Lane. Raging for four days, it destroyed swathes of
In 1752, the last day of the Julian calendar in Britain and
its colonies. It was replaced by the Gregorian calendar and
parliament decided an 11-day discrepancy between the two
would be rectified by making the following day September 14.
In 1789, Congress established the U.S. Department of the
In 1807, Britain began bombarding Copenhagen because of
Napoleon's plan to use the Danish fleet against Britain.
In 1864, in the U.S. Civil War, Union forces under General
William Tecumseh Sherman occupied Atlanta, Georgia.
In 1865, fighting between Maori tribes and English settlers
ended in New Zealand.
In 1866, the general assembly of Crete proclaimed the
abolition of the Turkish authority in Crete and union with
In 1870, Napoleon III capitulated to the Prussian forces at
the Battle of Sedan. This led to the fall of the Second
In 1898, Lord Kitchener's Anglo-Egyptian forces decisively
defeated the Dervishes at the Battle of Omdurman, Sudan.
In 1901, in a speech, President Theodore Roosevelt said the
United States should "speak softly and carry a big stick."
In 1923, the first elections were held in the Irish Free
State after independence from Britain.
In 1930, flying their plane "Point d'Interrogation," French
aviators Dieudonne Coste and Maurice Bellonte completed the
first non-stop flight from Europe to the United States.
In 1940, Britain and U.S. signed a deal giving Britain 50
aged destroyers in exchange for permission for the U.S. to
use British naval bases in the West Indies.
In 1945, aboard the U.S. battleship Missouri, Japanese
leaders signed the unconditional surrender which ended World
In 1945, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam was proclaimed,
with Ho Chi-Minh as president.
In 1947, American states signed a treaty of mutual
assistance, the Treaty of Rio de Janeiro.
In 1947, President Carlos Mancheno of Ecuador was overthrown
in a coup.
In 1962, the Soviet Union agreed to send arms to Cuba to help
it meet "threats from aggressive imperialist elements."
In 1963, Alabama governor George Wallace stopped public
school integration of blacks and whites by encircling
Tuskegee High School with a cordon of state troopers.
In 1971, the United Arab Republic reverted to its former
In 1990, Canadian soldiers seized control of an outpost of
Mohawk Indians near Montreal, ending a 53-day armed standoff.
In 1993, the Vatican accepted a Chinese invitation for a high
level visit to Beijing, the first such meeting since the 1949
In 1994, the Bulgarian government of Prime Minister Lyuben
In 1996, Moslem rebels and the Philippines government signed
a peace pact ending 24 years of war that killed 125,000
Buckingham Palace has set up a special Web site for
condolence messages on the death of Diana, Princess of Wales.
To leave a message, click here.
Holidays and more
Today is Independence Day in Vietnam.
Football Hall of Fame quarterback Terry Bradshaw is 49.
Tennis player Jimmy Connors is 45.
Actor Mark Harmon is 46.
Actress Linda Purl is 42.
Actor Keanu Reeves is 33.
Former baseball commissioner Peter Ueberroth is 60.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan