Monday, September 1, 1997
A conference on an international treaty for the banning
of anti-personnel mines is scheduled to take place in Oslo.
The Beijing-Paris Motor Challenge is scheduled to start in
On the horizon
On Tuesday, September 2, Romania is scheduled to host the
third international conference on "New and Restored
Democracies," which is expected to draw representatives from
75 emerging democracies in Africa, Asia, Central and Eastern
Europe and Latin America.
On Wednesday, September 3, South African President Nelson
Mandela visits Berne, Switzerland, to discuss bilateral and
On Thursday, September 4, Japan's Prime Minister Ryutaro
Hashimoto visits China to commemorate the 25th anniversary of
the normalization of bilateral diplomatic relations
On Friday, September 5, the International Olympic Committee
(IOC) announces its decision on the venue for the 2004
Olympic Games from a shortlist of five cities, Athens, Buenos
Aires, Cape Town, Rome and Stockholm.
On Saturday, September 6, the International Open Air Theatre
Festival opens in South Korea.
On this day
In 1159, Pope Adrian IV died. He was originally Nicholas
Breakspear and was the only Englishman to be Pope. He was
elected Pope in 1154.
In 1494, Charles VIII of France invaded Italy in an attempt
to claim the throne of Naples.
In 1715, King Louis XIV of France died. Known as the "Sun
King," he had ruled since the age of five. He was succeeded
by his 5-year-old great grandson Louis XV.
In 1822, Hiram Rhodes Revels was born. He was a U.S.
clergyman, politician and the first black member of congress.
In 1858, the East India Company's government of India ended
with the British Crown taking over its territories and
In 1864, the Charlottetown Conference began on Prince Edward
Island, representing the first steps toward Canadian
In 1864, in the American Civil War, the Confederates under
Gen. John Hood abandoned the city of Atlanta, which was
occupied by Gen. William Sherman the next day.
In 1870, in the Franco-Prussian War, the French under
Napoleon III were heavily defeated by the Prussians under
Moltke at the battle of Sedan. This defeat opened the path to
The 1900, Transvaal Republic was annexed by Britain and a
proclamation was issued by Lord Roberts.
In 1916, Bulgaria declared war on Romania in World War I.
In 1923, an earthquake which measured 7.9 on the Richter
scale struck Japan and completely destroyed Yokahama and
nearly destroyed Tokyo. At least 142,000 people were killed
and 2.5 million made homeless.
In 1928, Albania was declared a kingdom, with Zog I as ruler.
In 1939, at 5.30 a.m. Germany invaded Poland and heralded the
start of World War II.
In 1946, Greeks voted to recall their King, George II, to the
throne. He had been living in exile in England.
In 1960, Julius Nyerere became Tanganyika's prime minister.
In 1962, an earthquake struck north-western Iran near Ghazvin
resulting in the death of 12,000 people and the destruction
of over 300 surrounding villages.
In 1967, an Arab summit lifted the oil embargo on Western
states imposed during the Six-Day war.
In 1969, military officers overthrew the Libyan government
and the Libyan Arab Republic was proclaimed under Colonel
In 1974, Anastasio Somoza was elected president of Nicaragua.
In 1979, the U.S. unmanned spacecraft Pioneer II, launched in
1973, transmitted data to earth after coming within 12,560
miles of Saturn's clouds.
In 1981, a bloodless coup ousted President David Dacko of the
Central African Republic.
In 1983, a Soviet fighter plane shot down a Korean Air Lines
Boeing 747, KAL Flight 007, near Sakhalin island, killing all
269 on board.
In 1990, Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union signed the first
agreement between Comecon countries to conduct their trade in
convertible currencies and use world prices.
In 1995, Chief warlord Charles Taylor and other key militia
leaders were installed in a new ruling council in Liberia.
Learn more about the woman whose shy smile and dedication to
good works captivated the world. Visit our
Holidays and more
Today is Labor Day in the United States, Bermuda, Canada,
Guam, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands.
Libya and Malaysia celebrate National Days.
It is Constitution Day in the Slovak Republic.
Singer Barry Gibb is 51.
Actor Ron O'Neal is 60.
Former Texas Gov. Ann Richards is 64.
Actor Don Straud is 60.
Actress Lily Tomlin is 58.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan