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Saturday, August 30, 1997

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  • "The victims, in the majority, are women and children, including tiny babies. Those killed were mostly slain by knives, some by bullets and others burnt in fires in their homes."

    -- Algerian government statement

    Today's events

  • Bonhams auctions Elvis Presley memorabilia to mark the 20th anniversary of his death. The auction includes two stage suits expected to fetch $150,000.

  • Protestants and Catholics are expected to hold counter street marches in Londonderry, Northern Ireland.

  • Chilean President Eduardo Frei visits Japan.

  • The Cleveland National Air Show, the oldest in America, is expected to draw 200,000 spectators to the Burke Lakefront Airport.

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    On the horizon

  • On Sunday, August 31, Jerry Lewis is scheduled to host the annual Muscular Dystrophy telethon.

  • On Monday, September 1, the Beijing-Paris Motor Challenge begins.

  • On Tuesday, September 2, Romania is scheduled to host the third international conference on "New and Restored Democracies," which is expected to draw representatives from 75 emerging democracies in Africa, Asia, Central and Eastern Europe and Latin America.

  • On Wednesday, September 3, South African President Nelson Mandela visits Berne, Switzerland, to discuss bilateral and international issues.

  • On Thursday, September 4, Japan's Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto visits China to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the normalization of bilateral diplomatic relations

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    On this day

  • In 30 B.C., Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, died. She is said to have committed suicide by allowing an asp to bite her breast.

  • In 1125, Lothair II, Duke of Saxony, was elected king of the Germans.

  • In 1781, a French fleet of 24 ships under the Comte de Grasse defeated the British under Admiral Graves at the battle of Chesapeake Capes in the American War of Independence.

  • In 1862, the second battle of Bull Run took place in the U.S. Civil War. Confederate forces under General Stonewall Jackson defeated the Federal army.

  • In 1881, Clement Ader patented the first stereophonic sound system in Germany.

  • In 1914, the Battle of Tannenberg, one of history's great military disasters, ended after the Russian Second Army under Samsonov was enveloped and crushed by the Germans, losing 30,000 men. Samsonov committed suicide.

  • In 1916, Turkey declared war on Romania.

  • In 1918, Lenin, the new leader of Soviet Russia, after speaking at the Michelson factory in Moscow, was shot and wounded by Fanya Kaplan and her accomplice sister Dora, both supposedly members of the Social Revolutionary Party.

  • In 1928, Jawaharlal Nehru founded the Independence of India League to work towards freedom from British rule.

  • In 1932, Hermann Goering was elected president of the German Reichstag.

  • In 1944, the Russian army captured the important oil fields of Ploesti in Romania from the Germans, thus depriving them of a source of military fuel.

  • In 1945, Hong Kong was liberated when the British navy under Rear-Admiral Cecil Harcourt sailed into Victoria harbor to accept the Japanese surrender.

  • In 1957, Sen. Strom Thurmond of South Carolina set a new filibuster record in the U.S. Congress when he spoke for over 24 hours against a civil rights bill.

  • In 1963, a "hot line" link between the Kremlin and the White House went into operation, designed to reduce the risk of accidental war.

  • In 1973, Kenya banned the hunting of elephants and the trade in ivory.

  • In 1981, President Mohammed Ali Rajai and Prime Minister Mohammed Javad Bahonar of Iran were killed in a bomb blast at the prime minister's office in Tehran.

  • In 1982, PLO leader Yasser Arafat abandoned his headquarters in Beirut following the Israeli invasion of Lebanon.

  • In 1991, Azerbaijan declared independence from the Soviet Union.

  • In 1993, businessman Robert Malval was sworn in as Haiti's new prime minister.

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    It is said that on this day in 30 B.C. Cleopatra killed herself. Today, some might say, Egypt could use a little bit of the legendary queen's governing expertise. But others might not agree after visiting the impressive Egypt Information Highway Web site, an official Web presence overflowing with Egypt information.


    Holidays and more

  • Kazakhstan celebrates Constitution Day.

  • Peru honors St. Rose of Lima.

  • Turkey celebrates Victory Day.

  • Actress Elizabeth Ashley is 56.

  • Actor Timothy Bottoms is 46.

  • Actress Peggy Lipton is 50.

  • Basketball player Robert Parish is 44.

  • Actor David Paymer is 43.

  • Singer Kitty Wells is 78.

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    Sources: Associated Press,
    Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan

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