Friday, August 29, 1997
French President Jacques Chirac and Socialist Prime
Minister Lionel Jospin address the annual conference of French ambassadors in Paris.
The Japanese supreme court hands down its decision on historian Saburo Ienaga's long-standing textbook censorship lawsuit about Japanese activities surrounding World War II.
The "Air-guitar" world championships take place in Oulu, Finland.
The 24th annual Telluride Film Festival opens in Telluride, Colorado.
On the horizon
On Saturday, August 30, Bonhams is scheduled to hold an
auction of Elvis Presley memorabilia to mark the 20th anniversary of his death. The action includes two stage suits expected to fetch $150,000.
On Sunday, August 31, Jerry Lewis is scheduled to host the
annual Muscular Dystrophy telethon.
On Monday, September 1, the Beijing-Paris Motor Challenge begins.
On Tuesday, September 2, Romania is scheduled to host the third international conference on "New and Restored Democracies," which is expected to draw representatives from 75 emerging democracies in Africa, Asia, Central and Eastern Europe and Latin America.
On Wednesday, September 3, South African President Nelson Mandela visits Berne, Switzerland, to discuss bilateral and international issues.
On this day
In 1350, a Spanish fleet under La Carda was defeated by the English at the battle of Winchelsea after they entered the English Channel to support the French in the Hundred Years War.
In 1475, the Truce of Picquigny was signed, under which Edward IV of England agreed to withdraw his invading army from France in return for gold and a yearly pension.
In 1526, 30,000 Hungarians under King Lewis and Tomore were defeated by over 100,000 Turks under Suleiman at the Battle of Mohacz in the Turkish-Hungarian War.
In 1756, on learning of the Franco-Austrian alliance, Frederick II of Prussia invaded Saxony, heralding the start of the Seven Years War.
In 1792, at least 900 died when the British warship Royal
George sank at Spithead while repairs were being carried out
just below the water-line.
In 1820, the Portuguese rebellion against the Regency began in Oporto, leading to a democratic constitution under King John VI.
In 1825, Brazilian independence under Pedro I was recognized by Portugal.
In 1842, the Treaty of Nanking was signed between the British
and Chinese, ending the first Opium War. The treaty confirmed
the ceding of Hong Kong island to Britain.
In 1882, English cricketers lost to Australia on English soil
for the first time. A mock obituary in the Sporting Times
declared the death of English cricket, saying its ashes would be taken to Australia. Since then matches between the two have been played for "the Ashes."
In 1885, the first motorcycle was patented, built by Gottlied
Daimler in Germany.
In 1916, General Von Hindenburg became German Chief of Staff,
controlling all German land forces during World War I.
In 1943, Denmark abandoned its policy of co-existing with the
occupying Germans and began an uprising. The entire remaining
Danish navy fleet of about 30 vessels and some submarines was
In 1945, U.S. forces landed in Japan following the Japanese
In 1949, the Soviet Union tested their first atomic bomb. The
news of the test emerged on September 22 when the U.S., Britain and Canada announced they had detected it.
In 1960, the Jordanian prime minister Hazza El-Majali and 10
others were assassinated in an explosion set off by a time-bomb.
In 1965, the U.S. Gemini V spacecraft, with astronauts Gordon
Cooper and Charles Conrad on board, splashed down after an
In 1966, the Beatles played their last live concert to a crowd of 25,000 at Candlestick Park, California.
In 1975, Peruvian president Juan Velasco Alvarado was overthrown in a coup by Francisco Morales Bermudez.
In 1995, Georgian leader Eduard Shevardnadze survived an
assassination attempt when a car exploded near his motorcade.
On this day in 1965 the Gemini V spacecraft returned to Earth, moving the U.S. one step closer to its goal of placing a man on the moon. The Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum in Washington keeps the Gemini IV capsule on display. Check it out in their Milestones of Flight Gallery.
Holidays and more
The Slovak Republic celebrates the Slovak National Uprising.
Filmmaker Sir Richard Attenborough is 74.
Actress Rebecca De Mornay is 35.
Filmmaker William Friedkin is 58.
Actor Elliott Gould is 59.
Singer Michael Jackson is 39.
Dancer Mark Morris is 41.
Basketball player Will Perdue is 32.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan