Monday, August 25, 1997
NASA's Advanced Composition Explorer is set for a late-
morning launch from Cape Canaveral, Florida, aboard a Boeing
Delta II rocket
Yugoslav Foreign Minister Milan Milutinovic is scheduled to
Russian President Boris Yeltsin is expected to chair a
meeting today with his Security Council on the situation in
Russia's turbulent North Caucasus.
The last-ever edition of the famous British quiz show
"Mastermind" is scheduled to be broadcast.
On the horizon
On Tuesday, August 26, the National Organization for Women is
scheduled to mark Women's Equality Day.
On Wednesday, August 27, the annual Venice Film Festival
opens in Italy.
On Thursday, August 28, Mafest 97, an international film
festival of tourism, ecology and sports opens in Palic,
Serbia with 65 films from 28 countries.
On Friday, August 29, the "Air-guitar" world championships
take place in Oulu, Finland.
On Monday, August 30, Bonhams is scheduled to hold an auction
of Elvis Presley memorabilia to mark the 20th anniversary of
his death. The action includes two stage suits expected to
On this day
In 325, the Council Of Nicaea ended with the adoption of the
Nicene Creed, establishing the doctrine of the Holy Trinity.
In 1580, Spanish forces under the Duke of Alva defeated the
Portuguese at the Battle of Alcantara, securing Portugal as a
In 1718, New Orleans was founded and named in honor of the
Duke of Orleans of France.
In 1825, Uruguay declared its independence from Spain.
In 1830, a revolt broke out in the French-speaking provinces
of the Netherlands against union into Belgium.
In 1875, Captain Matthew Webb became the first person to swim
across the English Channel.
In 1883, under the terms of the Treaty of Hue, France assumed
the protectorate over Annam and Tonkin in what is now
In 1921, the United States and Germany signed a peace treaty
ending the state of war between them.
In 1936, after a five-day show trial, 16 opponents of Stalin
were executed in Russia.
In 1940, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia were incorporated into
the Soviet Union.
In 1940, the British Air Force dropped their first bombs on
Berlin in an overnight raid.
In 1942, the Duke of Kent, youngest brother of King George
VI, was killed in a plane crash during a war mission to
In 1943, Lord Louis Mountbatten was appointed Supreme Allied
Commander in Southeast Asia (World War II).
In 1944, Paris was liberated when the local German commander
General Choltitz surrendered to the allies.
In 1961, Brazilian President Janio Quadros resigned after
only six months, claiming "terrible forces came forward to
fight me." He went into exile in Australia.
In 1964, Kenneth Kaunda became president-designate of Zambia,
formerly Northern Rhodesia.
In 1967, a new constitution came into effect in Paraguay, now
celebrated each year by a public holiday.
In 1967, the leader of the American Nazi Party, George
Lincoln Rockwell, was shot dead.
In 1975, in Rhodesia, formerly Southern Rhodesia, talks
between the white minority government and black leaders
opened in railway carriages near Victoria Falls.
In 1978, the Turin shroud, once venerated as the burial cloth
of Christ, went on public display for the first time in 45
In 1988, direct talks between Iran and Iraq began in an
attempt to stop their Gulf War.
In 1989, after a 12-year, 4-billion-mile space journey,
Voyager 2 flew over the cloud tops of the giant planet
and its moon Triton, sending back photographs of swampy
areas, frozen lakes and craters.
In 1991, Byelorussia (Belarus) declared independence from the
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Holidays and more
It's National Flag Day in Liberia.
Today is Independence Day in the Ukraine.
It's Independence Day in Uruguay.
Today is Liberation Day in Hong Kong.
Actress Anne Archer is 50.
Actor Sean Connery is 67.
Musician Elvis Costello is 43.
Former TV host Monty Hall is 74.
Actor Anthony Heald is 53.
Actor John Savage is 48.
Model Claudia Schiffer is 27.
Actor Blair Underwood is 33.
Actress Joanne Whalley is 33.
Sources: Associated Press,
Chase's Calendar of Events 1997, J.P. Morgan